Plant breeding has entered a new era with the advent of current DNA-technology tools such as genome editing. Genome editing has a lot of promise for solving some of the issues that breeders are now dealing with. The need for food and resources will continue to rise around the world, while natural resources used in food and biomass systems become scarce, and ecologically valuable natural landscapes that contribute to biodiversity are disappearing at an alarming rate. Genome editing is simple to use, inexpensive, and quick. Genome-editing tools are cutting-edge biotechnological methods that allow for accurate and efficient genome change in living organisms. It is a group of modern molecular biology techniques that allow for accurate, efficient, and targeted changes to genomic regions. For introducing desirable features in crops, genome editing is more accurate than traditional crop breeding approaches as well as many typical genetic engineering (transgenic) procedures. Genome editing refers to a set of molecular procedures that allow organisms genomes to be modified in specific ways. In current plant breeding, gene editing is critical for increasing yield, improving nutritional quality, and developing tolerance to biotic and abiotic conditions that impede crop development. The goal of this review is to analyze gene editing, its techniques and its function in modern agricultural improvement in general.
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