Mohamed Nsangou Nchoutndignigni, SÃÆÃÂ©vilor Kekeunou, Benoit Bapfubusa, Abraham Fomena
Perception of fish practice in Yaoundé (Cameroon) (Figure 1) led to a survey conducted between January 2011 and June 2011. The latter, through the so-called accelerated participatory rural appraisal, we identified from households surveyed, grouped into three blocks, the most consumed fish, divided into nine orders, belonging to 14 families and 17 species (Table 1). Indeed, the first block consisting of 293 households expressed regarding fish consumption 52% of Scomber scombus, the second block containing 261 households, found 43% of S. Scombus. The last block represents 208 households brought out 48% of S. scombus. However, from these different rates of consumption, there emerge stronger finding of significant consumption of Scomber scombus (P <0.01). This very significant difference would indicate a greater availability of frozen fish which has also led to the problem of shortage of freshwater fish. In a second step, it was indeed asked about the issue of unavailability of freshwater fish in the market, whiles the hydrography of the city of Yaoundé is very rich. To better understand the availability, interviews for this purpose were conducted with 17 farmers settled in villages such as Awai, Ekoumdoum, Essomba, Mendong, Nkoabang, Nkomo, Nkozoa, and Odza (Figure 2). At the end of these interviews, the difficulties associated with the needs of fish production were expressed respectively by the lack of nursery facilities, the problem of funding, monitoring, and training requirements are in line with the investment on nursery structure. The course of solving various practical difficulties associated with fish in the city of Yaoundé remains difficult, especially with the problem of mass production. Prospects for research and development planned at the end of this study suggest a real chance to overcome the other disability through public power. We therefore remain optimistic about the sustainable and profitable farming of fish on the economy of our country.
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