Seyyed Aman Ghazi Mirsaeid*, Vahid Naghshineh Arjmand, Haleh Yahyazadeh, Roham Gilichi
In recent years, with the formation of institutions such as the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank and the World Trade Organization, the world has faced new horizons; horizons that in many cases are based on policies and plans Has been affecting countries and has led to new challenges and opportunities for them to escape. Today Iran's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) is one of the most important issues facing the Iranian economy. Considering the necessity of studying the issues of the agricultural sector of Iran, it seems that the study of the situation of this sector of the country's economy in terms of accession to the said organization is indispensable. In this thesis, it has been tried to use the available literature in this field and using econometric models to study the effects of the removal of government support in the event of the accession to the World Trade Organization of wheat, which in two different scenarios has been studied. In one scenario, using the government's nominal support rate for wheat, and in the second scenario, by eliminating the nominal support for wheat and using real prices, it examines the effects of removing these support in the event of its accession to the organization and its effects on The production rate of this product has been investigated. The results of the surveys indicate a stronger relationship between the level of wheat production in the conditions of real prices and the lack of government support. In other words, this issue reflects the positive effects of the removal of government support from wheat as a representative of the agricultural sector of Iran in terms of WTO accession. And of course, the meaningful relationship between the nominal government support rates for wheat also suggests the need for the agricultural sector to be in the agricultural sector even within the framework of the standard of globalization, which is a prerequisite for the government.
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