Short Communication - African Journal of Food Science and Technology ( 2020) Volume 11, Issue 4
, DOI: 10.14303/2141-5455.2020.16
INTRODUCTION: Hygiene is the name specified to practises and situations encouraging to protective health. Food Hygiene is more than sanitation; it is the practise of right cooking, chilling, handling and cleaning food. It is the major factor in avoiding cross contamination between raw food or dirty apparatus and premises and prepared to eat food. Cross contamination can lead to food intoxication and food diseases caused by bacteria and viruses. Food business workers can regulate food hygiene by the HACCP (Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point) method in their premises, which is essential by law. This process can be imposed by declining food that has been spoiled in any way or looks to have been attained from unreliable sources. This can be measured by task supplier risk taxation.
METHOD: Foods can be divided into different types reliant how they support the progress of bacteria, but they all need to be preserved with good food hygiene performs.
High risk foods are most probable to be the vehicles of infective bacteria and the cause of food intoxication occasions. Ex: Ready to eat foods, eggs, cream, gravy, and shellfish. Raw fruit and salads were measured low risk but are now being observed in a different way as food intoxication epidemics, such as E.coli 0157, can be linked with them.
Low risk foods are conserved foods, pulverized foods, cakes and acid foods. Cleansing food, such as salads, by wash also requires the skill of Staff in active cleaning and disinfection of food locations and apparatus, good personal hygiene specifically hand washing, cross contamination inhibition and care of good personal hygiene at all times. Cross contamination from dirty hands can cause food intoxication.
Thorough hand wash is important after handling raw foods and previously touching other food or apparatus, or taking a break away from the manufacturing area. Food Intoxication can come from faecal uncleanness or transfer of bacteria from the face and nose.
Avoiding micro-organisms, such as bacteria and viruses, from reproducing to an extent that would cause illness in customers or the early decay of food can be attained by chilled storage, depressing the water movement by a drying process and using preservers. Terminating any harmful bacteria in the food by thorough cooking, needs temperature regulator and monitoring of the cooking procedure.
DISCUSSION: There are guidelines and principles which regulate food hygiene; the Food Safety Act 1990 is the main tool leading food production and this can be imposed to govern food hygiene by various principles. Food business workers can be supported in reaching food hygiene principles by using an upright testing test site to ensure the microbiological security of the food. Microbiological testing can be carried out on complete products, raw materials and swabs of the manufacture area to check the severe control points in the HACCP process.These tests will notice pathogens, spoilage bacteria and will help create shelf-life and a vigorous supply chain. Bad food hygiene can outcome in a cost to the food business worker.
Food recalls due to adulteration can result in bad Publicity and decrease in sales and if they cause a bad occurrence of food intoxication, this can result in a court presence and a fine or custody.