A. G. Mahala, G. El tahir, E. O. Amasiab, B. A. Atta Elmnan and Kh. A. Abd Elatti
The objective of the study was to evaluate the nutritional value of some legume seeds obtained from Elseleim Agricultural Scheme in Dongla-Sudan. Eight legume seeds. Garden pea (Pisum sativum), pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), chick pea (Cicer areitenum) peas grass (Lathyerus sativus) Cow pea (Vigna unguiculata), Broad bean (Vicia faba), Bonavist bean (Lablab purperus) and common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) were analyzed for chemical composition, and amino acid profile of the protein of each species. Protein content range from 17.6 to 27.93%, the highest protein content 27.93% was reported for Broad beans carbohydrate from 45.9 to 55.8%, ash from 3.7 to 5.8%, fibre from 1.2-7%, either extract from 1.2 to 4.3%. Protein fractions were varied among the different species, generally albumin ranked first and the least is prolamin. The essential amino acid content g/100g, Arganine content 2.5-0.8, Histidine. 0.9-0.2 lysine 1.2 – 0.3, phenylalanine 1.3 – 0.7, lucine 1.9 – 1.0, isolucine 1.2 – 0.6, valine 1.2-0.7, theronine 0.9 – 0.3 and mehionine 0.3 – 0.1g/100g. All legume seeds studied were low in sulphur – contains amino acids. The studied legume Seeds constitute an excellent source of protein and adequate essential amino acid profile to improve diets in low-income countries.
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