This paper critically analyzes the impact of language on cognitive development and its implications on Nigerian school children. It examines the key concepts related to language and cognition in lieu of authoritative citations and discusses the impact of bilingualism on cognitive development. It equally looks at ways that language affects cognitive development. The trend of the findings illustrates the fact that language has a formidable impact on cognitive development including metacognitive skills and even in our worldviews and cosmologies. The paper further articulates the implications of the findings on the Nigerian school child, educational system and gives relevant recommendations in lieu of its findings.
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