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African Journal of Food Science and Technology

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Opinion - African Journal of Food Science and Technology ( 2021) Volume 12, Issue 7

Elimination of antimicrobial and antifungal with nanoparticles(silver,magnesium,zinc)

Gerald Keith
1Ethiopian Agriculture Research Institute, Ethiopia

Received: 07-Aug-2021 Published: 26-Aug-2021, DOI: 10.14303//ajfst.2021.039


The plant extracts square measure famed for his or her medicament, antifungal, antiviral and antibacterial drug properties. The utilization of plant extracts within the preparation of bio-materials will increase their biological application. During this concern, herein reportage Associate in Nursing eco-friendly procedure that is additionally an easy and price effective, for the synthesis of flowers of zinc nanoparticles (ZnONPs) victimization herbaceous plant plant root (rhizome) extract as a fuel


In the gift work, a fast, facile, coldness, and chemical agent free synthesis procedure is developed for the preparation of atomic number 30 peroxide nanoparticles (ZnO2NPs) in wood spirit answer (Kolahalam L et al., 2021). ZnO2 were ready via reduction of methanolic answer of atomic number 30 ions victimization NaBH4 as a reducer to gold-bearing atomic number 30, followed by reaction victimization oxide (Hussein HM et al., 2021). The created ZnO2 nanoparticles were characterised victimization TEM, SEM, TG, DSC, Raman, XRD, FTIR, UV–Vis absorption chemical analysis. Chitosan may be a natural saccharide with distinctive physical, chemical and biological properties that potentiates its use in several medical specialty applications (Mohamed NN et al., 2020). During this study, chitosan skinny film was doped with completely different concentrations of inexperienced synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) (100−400 μg) to boost its mechanical and antimicrobial activity (Sharmin S et al., 2021). The scientific explorations of nanoparticles for his or her inherent therapeutic potencies as antimicrobial and antiviral agents thanks to increasing incidences of antibiotic resistance have gained additional attention in recent time. This issue amongst others necessitates the hunt for newer and more practical antimicrobial agents. Many investigations have incontestible the prospects of nanoparticles within the treatment of varied microorganism infections. Biosynthesized nanoparticles have an improbable application in biomedicine attributable to its simplicity, eco-friendly properties and low price. This study aims to work out the inexperienced synthesized flowers of zinc nanoparticles from methanolic leaf extract of Glycosmis pentaphylla (Vijayakumar S et al., 2018). The synthesized nanoparticles were characterised victimization UV-VIS chemical analysis, visible light prism spectroscope, FT-IR, XRD, SEM with EDAX and TEM. From ancient to presently, it's been laborious to forestall the exposure to mycotoxigenic fungi, thanks to these fungi happens naturally within the setting. This paper reports the antifungal activities of the Juniperus procera stem extract with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) against Aspergillus flavus growth and aflatoxins production. Varied constituents of J. Procera extract were detected by GC/MS analysis. Overcoming unsafe techniques for nanoparticles synthesis from physical and chemical strategies, ecofriendly nanoparticles synthesis has eased the issues of ecosystems applying principles of inexperienced chemistry (Abdelghany T et al., 2020). One pot inexperienced synthesis of flowers of zinc nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) from Averrhoa carambola binary compound extract with metallic element (NO3)2 6H2O for bioreduction by combustion. Bionanofabricated nanoparticles was characterised by UV-Visible, XRD, and SEM. The method of destroying fungi is named antifungal activity. Associate in Nursing antifungal medication may be a pharmaceutical antifungal or fungistatic wont to treat and stop fungal infection like athlete’s foot, ringworm, fungal infection (thrush), serious general infections like cryptococcal infectious disease, and others. Several essential oils like thyme, cinnamon, oregano, clove, and mint have antifungal properties.


  1. Kolahalam LP, Krishna KRS, Suprajac N(2021). Saussurea lappa plant rhizome extract-based zinc oxide nanoparticles: synthesis, characterization and its antibacterial, antifungal activities and cytotoxic studies against Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell lines. Heliyon. 7(6): e07265.
  2. Hussein HM, Ghafoor DD, Khalid MO(2021). Room temperature and surfactant free synthesis of zinc peroxide (ZnO2) nanoparticles in methanol with highly efficient antimicrobials. Arabian J Chemistry. 14(4): 103090.
  3. Mohamed NN, Madian G(2020). Evaluation of the mechanical, physical and antimicrobial properties of chitosan thin films doped with greenly synthesized silver nanoparticles. Materials Today Communications. 25: 101372.
  4. Sharmin SR, Sarkar MC, Atolani O, TorequlIslam M, Adeyemi OS(2021). Nanoparticles as antimicrobial and antiviral agents: A literature-based perspective study. Heliyon. 7(3): e06456.
  5. Vijayakumar S, Krishnakumar C, Arulmozhi P, Mahadevan S, Parameswari N(2018). Biosynthesis, characterization and antimicrobial activities of zinc oxide nanoparticles from leaf extract of Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC. Microbial Pathogenesis. 116: 44-48.
  6. Abdelghany TM, Hassan MM(2020). GC/MS analysis of Juniperus procera extract and its activity with silver nanoparticles against Aspergillus flavus growth and aflatoxins production. Biotechnology Reports. 27: e00496.

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