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Using DEA to evaluate efficiency of African higher education

Abstract

Samar Al-Bagoury

The core aim of the higher education policy in any country is establishing a competitive, qualitative higher education with efficiently operating institutions. The question of efficiency needs special attention not only because of the decline of the state support but also the rapid raise of the student mass. In the education system, especially higher education, it’s not easy to measure its efficiency. The situation is more complicated since those institutions have multiple inputs and outputs, and not all these outputs could be economically measured. In this case a possible method of determining efficiency is Data Envelopment Analysis. In this paper I adopt the two stage efficiency analysis and use it to compare the efficiency of African higher education systems in fifteen countries using DEA. and then I use the tobit regression to determine the most environmental factors that affecting the efficiency of this institute. The analysis shows that the most influential factors affecting efficiency are the growth rate, private share, and public expenditure on education.

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