Understanding Adverse Drug Reactions: Safeguarding Patient H | 101189
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International Research Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology

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Understanding Adverse Drug Reactions: Safeguarding Patient Health


Sammy Dutt*

Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) are unintended and potentially harmful effects that arise from medication use. Despite the numerous benefits of modern medicine, ADRs pose significant challenges to patient safety and treatment efficacy. This article provides an overview of Adverse Drug Reactions, encompassing their types, risk factors, and prevention strategies. ADRs can manifest in various forms, ranging from mild discomfort to lifethreatening conditions. The types of ADRs include Type A (Augmented), Type B (Bizarre), Type C (Chronic), Type D (Delayed), and Type E (End-of-use) reactions, each with distinct characteristics. While ADRs can affect anyone, certain factors, such as age, genetics, pre-existing conditions, polypharmacy, and allergies, heighten susceptibility. Prevention and management of ADRs require a collaborative approach between healthcare professionals and patients, encompassing accurate medical history, proper prescription, patient education, regular monitoring, and reporting ADRs to relevant regulatory agencies. Although it may not be possible to eliminate ADRs entirely, fostering a better understanding of their nature and adopting proactive measures will help enhance patient safety and optimize treatment outcomes.

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