Liposomes, which are spherical bilayer vesicles formed by dispersing polar lipids in aqueous solvents, have been extensively researched for their ability to act as drug delivery vehicles by sheltering reactive or sensitive substances before to release. Liposome entrapment has been proven to protect encapsulated, bioactive materials from a variety of environmental and chemical changes, including enzymatic and chemical alteration, as well as buffering against variations in pH, temperature, and ionic strength. Liposomes have shown to be particularly effective as models of biological membranes in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes in investigations of numerous physiological processes. Pharmaceutical and therapeutic encapsulation, cosmetics, anti-cancer and gene therapy medications are all examples of industrial applications.
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