Educational Research

Educational Research (ISSN:2141-5161) Vol. 2(6), pp. 1179-1192  June 2011         
Copyright © 2011 International Research Journals


Full Length Research Paper

A gender study on predictive factors of mathematical performance of University students

1Abbas Amani, *2Hassan Alamolhodaei, 3Farzad Radmehr

1/*2/3Faculty of Mathematical Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

*Corresponding author email: 

Received 20 May, 2011; Accepted 15 June, 2011 


A large body of literature reports that there are gender differences in mathematical problem solving favoring males. Many variables including psychological and cognitive ability are revealed to contribute to gender differences in mathematical problem solving in some specific areas. This article investigates some of these variables to study why gender difference happens in mathematics performance. A sample of 109 university students including 34 girls and 75 boys were selected from Ferdowsi University of Mashhad to participant in this research. Results indicate that there is a little difference between male and female in math problem solving favoring male that occurs from different psychological and cognitive ability that female and males have.


Keywords: Gender difference, predictive factors, cognitive ability, math problem solving

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