Full Length Research Paper - International Research Journal of Plant Science ( 2021) Volume 12, Issue 1
Studies on ethnomedicinal plant diversity at daund tehsil, Pune, Maharashtra
and Shinde H.P2*
Department of Botany, K.G. Kataria College, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Department of Botany, K.V. N. Naik Arts Commerce and Science College, Nasik, Maharashtra, India
Shinde H.P, Department of Botany, K.V. N. Naik Arts Commerce and Science College,
9890336756, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
, DOI: 10.14303/irjps.2021.002
India is rich in biodiversity and considered to be a storehouse of medicinal plants. The diversity of indigenous and endemic medicinal plants has contributed a lot to the practice of herbal/traditional medicines by local tribal communities. It has been observed that valuable information about the diverse ethnomedicinal plantspecieslocated at the particular area is accumulated traditionally at the local herbal healers or medicine men “Vaidu” by whom; this valuable information is hardly shared with others, due to which the vast treasure of ethnomedicinal knowledge is eroding gradually, also triggered by modernization, rapid socioeconomic changes etc. As a part of participatory efforts towards creating awareness about medicinal utilities of plants and need of conservation; a periodic survey was carried out in and around Daund tehsil to record the diversity of ethnomedical plant species along with their medicinal utilities. Total 74 plant species were identified and enlisted for their medicinal values to cure several diseases like gynaecological ailments, asthma, cold, cough, dysentery, jaundice, piles, skin diseases etc. including plant species like Aegle marmelos, Boerhavia diffusa, Caralluma adscendens var. fimbriata, Chrozophora rottlerin, Citrulus colocynthis, Glossocardia bosvallea, Macrotyloma uniflora, Sesamum laciniatum, Vernonia anthelmintica etc. The present work aimed to highlight not only the diversity of ethnomedicinally important plant species but also their potential utilization as resources in a conservation perspective.
Ethnomedicinal diversity, Daund.
India ranks sixth among 12 mega diversity countries in
the world and is treasure for endemic medicinal plants.
(Myers et.al. 2000). The entire Western Ghats (Sahyadris)
is considered as a major genetic reserve with an enormous
biodiversity of ancient lineage. The use of plants with
pharmaceutical properties has received increased interest
nowadays from both homeopathic and allopathic branches.
The diversity of indigenous and endemic medicinal plants
has contributed a lot to the practice of herbal/traditional
medicines by local tribal communities. The Indian systems
of medicine have been a part of the culture & tradition of
India down the centuries. The ‘Sushruta Samhita’ attributed
to Sushruta in the 6th century BC described over 700
medicinal plants. More than 9000 plant species are found
to be used for health care in India under folk and codified
Indian medical systems.
Earlier, (Razi 1952; Santapau 1951, 1957; Vartak 1953, 1960)
have contributed flora of Poona and neighbouring district including regions like Torna fort, Katraj ghat etc. Similarly;
(Chopra et al. 1956, 1958; Mitra, Jain 1991 and Nair, Mohan
1998) have provided a glossary of Indian medicinal plants.
(Jain et al. 1973, 1994) published the use of medicinal plants
among certain Adivasis in India and gave a list of major
medicinal plants of India. Many valuable herbal drugs have
been discovered by knowing that particular plant was used
by ancient folk healers for the treatment of some kind of
ailment (Ekka & Dixit, 2007). The presence of drug residues
results in development of drug resistant microorganism
that are difficult to treat and the world is looking for safer
herbal alternatives (Nisha. 2008). Medicinal plants play an
important role in public health, especially in developing
countries, where it is believed that the intense utilization of
plants with therapeutic action does not lead to intoxication
(Mossi et. al. 2009; Jagtap et.al. 2020). Similarly; Indian
council of medicinal research has prepared a Database
on ethnomedicinal plants of Western Ghats (Kholkunte,
2008). The use of participatory methods in ethnobiological
studies has grown overtime and become an important tool in these studies (Sieber 2010). Herbal traditional methods
have been developed through many experiences of many
generations (Zingare. 2012). Though the geographical area
cover of the country represents about 2.4% of the world’s
total landmass, it harbours a total of 47,513 plant species
(Singh & Dash, 2014; Arisdason & Lakshminarasimhan; 2019).
Ethnobotanical explorations and documentation indicate that
more than 7000 species have been used for human food at
some stage in human history (Grivetti and Ogle 2000). But this
important knowledge is slowly diminishing day by day due to
invasion of alien cultures. (Lokhande; 2020).
Nearly 18,000 species of flowering plants that account
almost 11% of the total plant species in the world. (Singh
et.al. 2015). An exploration of known and unknown
ethnomedicinal flora with an objective of its effective
utilization can be viewed as a promising resource for the
welfare of local people and mankind to the large extent.
(Wagh et.al. 2018; Shinde et.al. 2018).
Pharmaceutical and herbal industries require information
about adequate supply of crude drugs, their proportion,
formulations, doses, effectivity etc. which are being fulfilled
mostly through the local traditional practitioners. However;
this may lead to problems of authenticity of material used,
problems of quality of materials, wastage during transport
and time gap between collection and medicine preparation.
Also; during the last decade; places like Daund tehsil;
located near to megacity like Pune; having an enormous
expansion in industries especially pharmaceutical
industries. Due to this; there is an increasing pressure on
diversity of endemic medicinal plants from these regions. Latest research has shown that over 70% of the medicinal
plant collections involve destructive harvesting because of
the use of parts like roots, bark, wood, stem and the whole
plant in case of herbs. This poses a definite threat to the
endemic medicinal plant species as well as to the diversity
of medicinal plants studies which has an enormous scope
in years to come. The present investigation was attempted
so as to collect and document valuable information about
diversity of ethnomedicinal plant species used by local
people in and around the Daund tehsil; as it was observed
that there is very little or no work has been done on diversity
of ethnomedicinal plants specifically from Daund tehsil
Daund tehsil lies in Pune district and situated on the bank
of Bhima river. The river Bhima and its tributary rivers
Mula-Mutha are dominating drainage pattern in study
region. Besides an urban centre; it comprises 102 villages
(Figures 2 and 3). The dry mixed deciduous forest pocket
covers the board western part of the area. It is famous
for rich ethno-floristic diversity along north-eastern side.
It has remained inhabited to certain extent by the local
inhabitants for certain needs and necessities. The people
here utilize medicinal plants to cure human diseases. The
present ethno-medico-botanical studies were carried out at
the various regions of Daund tehsil with the help of field
visits, questionnaire and group discussion during the period
from 2019 to 2020.The plant specimen collected from
the region were properly processed for herbarium (Jain and Rao, 1976). The herbarium specimens are deposited
at Department of Botany, K.G. Kataria College Daund,
Pune. The data on ethno-botany has been identified and
confirmed with help of regional flora and relevant scientific
literature. The information was recorded on questionnaire
and in the field note books.
The knowledge regarding use of native plant species have
diversified ethno-medicinal significances. Unfortunately, most
of the traditional ethno-botanical knowledge in India is eroding
at faster rate days after days due to losses of the ancient
traditions and culture as they are mostly oral. In order to
collect, conserve and maintain it, collective efforts are needed
from the NGOs, government authorities, ethno-botanists
and the pharmaceutical industries. To achieve the target,
documentation and computerization of useful medicinal
plants with their traditional uses should be initiated at national
as well as international level. Moreover; it may provide lead in
the development of new drugs as the endemic medicinal plant
wealth of the Daund tehsil which is having enormous potential
to establish and run herbal drug industry and cultivation
of medicinally significant species through various outreach
activities or programmes for the benefit of local inhabitants.
Authors are thankful to the notified and de-notified rural,
tribal and non-tribal groups, traditional healers from area
under the study for their immense help and co-operation
during the field work.
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