International Research Journals

International Research Journal of Plant Science

All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Full Length Research Paper - International Research Journal of Plant Science ( 2021) Volume 12, Issue 1

Studies on ethnomedicinal plant diversity at daund tehsil, Pune, Maharashtra

Samudra S.M1 and Shinde H.P2*
1Department of Botany, K.G. Kataria College, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2Department of Botany, K.V. N. Naik Arts Commerce and Science College, Nasik, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding Author:
Shinde H.P, Department of Botany, K.V. N. Naik Arts Commerce and Science College, India, Tel: 9890336756, Email:

, DOI: 10.14303/irjps.2021.002


India is rich in biodiversity and considered to be a storehouse of medicinal plants. The diversity of indigenous and endemic medicinal plants has contributed a lot to the practice of herbal/traditional medicines by local tribal communities. It has been observed that valuable information about the diverse ethnomedicinal plantspecieslocated at the particular area is accumulated traditionally at the local herbal healers or medicine men “Vaidu” by whom; this valuable information is hardly shared with others, due to which the vast treasure of ethnomedicinal knowledge is eroding gradually, also triggered by modernization, rapid socioeconomic changes etc. As a part of participatory efforts towards creating awareness about medicinal utilities of plants and need of conservation; a periodic survey was carried out in and around Daund tehsil to record the diversity of ethnomedical plant species along with their medicinal utilities. Total 74 plant species were identified and enlisted for their medicinal values to cure several diseases like gynaecological ailments, asthma, cold, cough, dysentery, jaundice, piles, skin diseases etc. including plant species like Aegle marmelos, Boerhavia diffusa, Caralluma adscendens var. fimbriata, Chrozophora rottlerin, Citrulus colocynthis, Glossocardia bosvallea, Macrotyloma uniflora, Sesamum laciniatum, Vernonia anthelmintica etc. The present work aimed to highlight not only the diversity of ethnomedicinally important plant species but also their potential utilization as resources in a conservation perspective.


Ethnomedicinal diversity, Daund.


India ranks sixth among 12 mega diversity countries in the world and is treasure for endemic medicinal plants. (Myers 2000). The entire Western Ghats (Sahyadris) is considered as a major genetic reserve with an enormous biodiversity of ancient lineage. The use of plants with pharmaceutical properties has received increased interest nowadays from both homeopathic and allopathic branches. The diversity of indigenous and endemic medicinal plants has contributed a lot to the practice of herbal/traditional medicines by local tribal communities. The Indian systems of medicine have been a part of the culture & tradition of India down the centuries. The ‘Sushruta Samhita’ attributed to Sushruta in the 6th century BC described over 700 medicinal plants. More than 9000 plant species are found to be used for health care in India under folk and codified Indian medical systems.

Earlier, (Razi 1952; Santapau 1951, 1957; Vartak 1953, 1960) have contributed flora of Poona and neighbouring district including regions like Torna fort, Katraj ghat etc. Similarly; (Chopra et al. 1956, 1958; Mitra, Jain 1991 and Nair, Mohan 1998) have provided a glossary of Indian medicinal plants. (Jain et al. 1973, 1994) published the use of medicinal plants among certain Adivasis in India and gave a list of major medicinal plants of India. Many valuable herbal drugs have been discovered by knowing that particular plant was used by ancient folk healers for the treatment of some kind of ailment (Ekka & Dixit, 2007). The presence of drug residues results in development of drug resistant microorganism that are difficult to treat and the world is looking for safer herbal alternatives (Nisha. 2008). Medicinal plants play an important role in public health, especially in developing countries, where it is believed that the intense utilization of plants with therapeutic action does not lead to intoxication (Mossi et. al. 2009; Jagtap 2020). Similarly; Indian council of medicinal research has prepared a Database on ethnomedicinal plants of Western Ghats (Kholkunte, 2008). The use of participatory methods in ethnobiological studies has grown overtime and become an important tool in these studies (Sieber 2010). Herbal traditional methods have been developed through many experiences of many generations (Zingare. 2012). Though the geographical area cover of the country represents about 2.4% of the world’s total landmass, it harbours a total of 47,513 plant species (Singh & Dash, 2014; Arisdason & Lakshminarasimhan; 2019). Ethnobotanical explorations and documentation indicate that more than 7000 species have been used for human food at some stage in human history (Grivetti and Ogle 2000). But this important knowledge is slowly diminishing day by day due to invasion of alien cultures. (Lokhande; 2020).

Nearly 18,000 species of flowering plants that account almost 11% of the total plant species in the world. (Singh 2015). An exploration of known and unknown ethnomedicinal flora with an objective of its effective utilization can be viewed as a promising resource for the welfare of local people and mankind to the large extent. (Wagh 2018; Shinde 2018).

Pharmaceutical and herbal industries require information about adequate supply of crude drugs, their proportion, formulations, doses, effectivity etc. which are being fulfilled mostly through the local traditional practitioners. However; this may lead to problems of authenticity of material used, problems of quality of materials, wastage during transport and time gap between collection and medicine preparation.

Also; during the last decade; places like Daund tehsil; located near to megacity like Pune; having an enormous expansion in industries especially pharmaceutical industries. Due to this; there is an increasing pressure on diversity of endemic medicinal plants from these regions. Latest research has shown that over 70% of the medicinal plant collections involve destructive harvesting because of the use of parts like roots, bark, wood, stem and the whole plant in case of herbs. This poses a definite threat to the endemic medicinal plant species as well as to the diversity of medicinal plants studies which has an enormous scope in years to come. The present investigation was attempted so as to collect and document valuable information about diversity of ethnomedicinal plant species used by local people in and around the Daund tehsil; as it was observed that there is very little or no work has been done on diversity of ethnomedicinal plants specifically from Daund tehsil (Figure 1).


Figure 1. Floristic diversity of some ethnomedicinal plant species
A. Urena lobata L. moorthy. B. Celmatis triloba Heyne ex Roth. C. Mucuna pruriens L. D.C. D. Echinops echinatus Roxb. E. Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad & Wendl. F. Cassia fistula L. G. Bombax ceiba L. H. Plumbago zeylanica L. I. Cassia auriculata. J. Terminalia catappa L. K. Tridax procumbens L. L. Abelmoschus manihot L. Medik. M. Adhatoda zeylanica Medik. N. Martynia annua L. O. Pergularia daemia (Frossk.) Chiov. P. Rotheca serrata L. Steane & Mabb. Q. Sida cordata (Burm.f.). R. Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth.


Study Area

Daund tehsil lies in Pune district and situated on the bank of Bhima river. The river Bhima and its tributary rivers Mula-Mutha are dominating drainage pattern in study region. Besides an urban centre; it comprises 102 villages (Figures 2 and 3). The dry mixed deciduous forest pocket covers the board western part of the area. It is famous for rich ethno-floristic diversity along north-eastern side. It has remained inhabited to certain extent by the local inhabitants for certain needs and necessities. The people here utilize medicinal plants to cure human diseases. The present ethno-medico-botanical studies were carried out at the various regions of Daund tehsil with the help of field visits, questionnaire and group discussion during the period from 2019 to 2020.The plant specimen collected from the region were properly processed for herbarium (Jain and Rao, 1976). The herbarium specimens are deposited at Department of Botany, K.G. Kataria College Daund, Pune. The data on ethno-botany has been identified and confirmed with help of regional flora and relevant scientific literature. The information was recorded on questionnaire and in the field note books.


Figure 2. Location map and Google map showing the study area.


Figure 3. Imagery ©2021 Landsat / Copernicus, Data SIO, NOAA, U.S. Navy, NGA, GEBCO, Map data ©2021 10 km.


The knowledge regarding use of native plant species have diversified ethno-medicinal significances. Unfortunately, most of the traditional ethno-botanical knowledge in India is eroding at faster rate days after days due to losses of the ancient traditions and culture as they are mostly oral. In order to collect, conserve and maintain it, collective efforts are needed from the NGOs, government authorities, ethno-botanists and the pharmaceutical industries. To achieve the target, documentation and computerization of useful medicinal plants with their traditional uses should be initiated at national as well as international level. Moreover; it may provide lead in the development of new drugs as the endemic medicinal plant wealth of the Daund tehsil which is having enormous potential to establish and run herbal drug industry and cultivation of medicinally significant species through various outreach activities or programmes for the benefit of local inhabitants.


Authors are thankful to the notified and de-notified rural, tribal and non-tribal groups, traditional healers from area under the study for their immense help and co-operation during the field work.


  1. Arisdason W and Lakshminarasimhan P(2019). Status of plant diversity in India: An overview. ENVIS Centre, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India.
  2. Atre, Nitin M, Khedkar  and Dinesh  D(2020). A Review on herbal remedies for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) from Melghat region of Maharashtra state, India. European Journal of Medicinal Plants 31(14):1-17
  3. Awasarkar, Umesh, Kulkarni, Aboli, Datar Mandar N, Upadhye and Anuradha(2014). Checklist of angiosperms of Bhor Taluka, Pune District, northern Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India, based on herbarium records. Check List 10(4): 835–849.
  4. Chopra RN and Chopra(1956). Glossary of Indian medicinal plants. C.S.I.R., New Delhi.
  5. Chopra RN, Nayar SL and Chopra(1958). Glossary of Indian medicinal plants. C.S.I.R. New Delhi.
  6. Deepa P, Murugesh S, Sowndhararajan K and Manikandan(2014). Ethnobotanical Studies on wild edible plants used by Malayali tribals of Melur, Bodha Hills, Southern Eastern Ghats, Namakkal District, Tamil Nadu, India. World J. Pharmaceut. Res. 3(7): 621-633.
  7. Desale MK, Bhamare PB, Sawant PS, Patil SR and Kamble(2013). Medicinal plants used by the rural people of Taluka Purandhar, district Pune, Maharashtra. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge. 12 (2): 334-338.
  8. Dev S(1983). Chemistry of resins exudates of some Indian trees. Proc. Indian Natn. Sci. Acad. 49A (3):359–365.
  9. Dhore MM, Lachure PS, Bharsakale DB and Dabhadkar DK(2012). Exploration of some wild edible plants of Digras Tahsil, Dist. Yavatmal, Maharashtra, India. International J. Scientif. Res. Publications, 2(5): 1-5.
  10. Ekka, Neeli Rose, Dixit and Vinod Kumar 2007. Ethno pharmacognostical studies of medicinal plants of Jashpur district (Chhattisgarh). Inter. J of Green Pharmacy.1(1): 2-5.
  11. Ghalme RL(2020). Ethno-medicinal plants for skin diseases and wounds from Dapoli Tehsil of Ratnagiri district, Maharashtra (India). Flora and Fauna.26 (1):58-64.
  12. Grivetti LE. and Ogle BM(2000). Value of traditional foods in meeting macro- and micronutrient needs: the wild plant connection. Nutr. Res. Rev. 13:31-46.
  13. Jagtap DK, Patil HS and Jakhi PS( 2013). Ethno-medicinal survey of some plants from villages of Khatav Tahashil (M.S.) India. Int. J. of Life Sciences.1 (4): 264-269.
  14. Jagtap DK, Jakhi PS and Kashid LM(2020). Ethno-medicinal study of some plants from Baramati and nearby villages of Pune district, Maharashtra state. International Journal of Agriculture Science and Research.10 (1):23-32.
  15. Jain SK. and Rao RR(1976). A handbook of field and herbarium methods. Today and Tomorrow's Printers and Publishers, New Delhi.
  16. Jain SK (1994). Medicinal plants. NBT, New Delhi, India.
  17. Jain SK, Banerjee DK and Paul DC(1973). Medicinal plants among certain Adivasis in India. Bull. Bot. Survey of India. 15: 85-91.
  18. Kamble SY, Patil SR, Sawant PS. Sawant S, Pawar SG and Singh EA(2010). Studies on plants used in traditional medicine by Bhilla tribe of Maharashtra. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge. 9 (3):591-598.
  19. Kannan P and Kumar PS(2014). Antidotes against snake bite from ethnobotanical practices of primitive tribes of Tamilnadu. J. Sci. Trans. Environ. Technov. 8(1):33-39.
  20. Khairnar, Shrikant Sanjayrao, Gadekar and Vipul Sanjay(2019). Studies on ethnobotanical plants used by tribal community of Nashik district, Maharashtra, India. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies, 7(4): 201-204.
  21. Kholkunte SD(2008). Database on ethnomedicinal plants of Western Ghats. Final report 5-7-2005 to 30-06-2008 ICMR, Delhi.
  22. Koteswara Rao J, Prasanthi S, Aniel Kumar O and Seetharami Reddi TVV(2014). Ethnomedicine for cuts and wounds by the primitive tribe groups of north coastal Andhra Pradesh. J. Non-Timber For. Prod. 21(4): 237-240.
  23. Kshirsagar SR(2018). Taxonomy and occurrence of some medicinal plants used in traditional medicines. Archives of Pharmacy & Pharmacology Research.(3):1-8.
  24. Kulkarni Kaushik V, Jamakhandi Varsha R(2018). Medicinal uses of Pithecellobium dulce and its health benefits. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 7(2): 700-704.
  25. Kuvar Sachin D and Shinde R.D(2019). Plants used by Kokni tribe as antidote for snake bite and scorpion sting from Nasik and Dhule districts of Maharashtra. Journal of Global Biosciences.8(3): 6043-6050.
  26. Lingaiah M and Rao PN(2013). An ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants used by traditional healers of Adilabad district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Biolife 1:17-23.
  27. Lokhande Kailash S( 2020). Ethnobotanical survey on wild edible plants used by tribals & rural people of Arjuni/Mor taluka, Gondia district, Maharashtra state, India. Advances in Zoology and Botany 8(3):209-217.
  28. Manikandan S and Lakshmanan GMA(2014). Ethnobotanical survey of medicinal plants in Kalrayan hills, Eastern Ghats, Tamil Nadu. Int. Letters of Natural Sciences.12:111-121.
  29. Marathe Vishal R and Deshmukh Muzammil M(2020). Ethno-veterinary medicinal plant species of Hadgaon Taluka, Nanded district, Maharashtra, India. Int. J. of Life Sciences.8(2):404-410.
  30. Misra S and Misra MK(2013). Leafy Vegetable plants of South Odisha, India. Intern. J. Agric. Food Sci.3(4):131-137.
  31. Misra S and Misra MK(2014). Ethno-botanical study of plants with edible underground parts of South Odisha, India. Intern. J. Agric. Food Sci. 4(2):51-58.
  32. Mitra RG and Jain SK(1991). Medicinal plants research in India-A review. Ethnobotany.3:65-77.
  33. Murthy EN(2012). Ethnomedicinal plants used by Gonds of Adilabad district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Intern. J. Pharm. Life Sci. 3(10): 2034-2043.
  34. Nagalakshmi, NVN(2014). Diversity of wild greens knowledge from the rural households of Anantapur district, A.P. Intern. J. Res. Appl. Nat. Social Sci.2(5):157-160.
  35. Naidu BVAR(2003). Ethnomedicine from Srikakulam district, Andhra Pradesh, India. PhD Thesis, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam.
  36. Nair CKN and Mohanan N(1998). Medicinal Plants of India. Nag Publishers, Jawaharnagar, Delhi.
  37. Natarajan, Bhanumathi, Paulsen and Berit Smestad(2000). An ethnopharmacological study from Thane district, Maharashtra, India: Traditional knowledge compared with modern biological science. Pharmaceutical Biology.38(2):139-151.
  38. Nisha AR(2008). Antibiotic residues a global health hazard, Vet. World.1:375-377.
  39. Padal SB, Devender R, Ramakrishna H and Prabhakar R. (2013). Ethnomedicinal diversity of Ananthagiri mandal of Paderu forest division in Andhra Pradesh. Ethnobotany.25:143-147.
  40. Panda SP, Sahoo HK, Subudhi HN and Sahu AK(2014). Potential medicinal plants of Odisha used in rheumatism and conservation. Am. J. Ethnomedicine 1(4):260-265.
  41. Patil DA, Patil PS, Ahirrrao YA, Aher UP and Dushing YA(2010). Ethnobotany of Budhana district (Maharashtra: India): Plants used in veterinary medicine. J. Phytol. 2(12):22-34.
  42. Patil, P.V., Taware, S. & Kulkarni, D. 2014. Traditional knowledge of broom preparation from Bhor and Mahad region of Western Maharashtra, India. Bioscience Discovery 5(2), 218-220.
  43. Pimple, Bhushan, Kulkarni, Amrita, Bhor, Ruchita, Atkalikar and Shankarrao(2019). Pharmacognostic investigations of Colocasia esculenta leaves. Current Trends in Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Chemistry 1(4):10-18.
  44. Rai, Prabhat Kumar and Lalramnghinglova H(2011). Ethnomedicinal plants of India with special reference to an Indo-Burma hotspot region: An overview. Ethnobotany Research and Applications.  9:379-420.
  45. Ramanathan R, Bhuvaneswari R, Indhu M, Subramanian G and Dhandapani R(2014). Survey of ethnomedicinal observation on wild tuberous medicinal plants of Kolli hills, Namakkal distirct, Tamilnadu. J. Medicinal Plants Studies 2(4):50-58.
  46. Razi BA(1952). Some aspects of vegetation of Poona and neighbouring districts. Journal of Poona University (Science & Technology) 1(2) :1-57.
  47. Reddy KN, Reddy CS and Trimurthulu G(2006). Ethnobotanical survey on respiratory disorders in Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India. Ethnobotanical Leaflets.139-148.
  48. Rekka R and Senthil Kumar S(2014). Indigenous knowledge on some medicinal plants among the Malayali tribals in Yercaud hills, Eastern Ghats, Salem District, Tamilnadu, India. Intern. J. Pharma Biosci. 5(4): 371-374.
  49. Sahu CR, Nayak RK and Dhal NK(2013). Ethnomedicinal plants used against various diseases in Boudh district of Odisha, India. Ethnobotan. 25:153-159.
  50. Salave AP, Sonawane BN and Diwakar Reddy PG(2012). Traditional ethnoveterinary practices in Karanji Ghat areas of Pathardi tahasil in Ahmednagar district (M.S.), India. Int. J. Plant, Animal Env. Sci. 2:64–69.
  51. Salve NR and Mishra DN(2019). Ethnomedicinal list of plants treating fever in Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra, India. Advances in Zoology and Botany 7(3):35-46.
  52. Samydurai P, Jagatheshkumar S, Aravinthan V and Thangapandian V (2012). Survey of wild aromatic ethnomedicinal plants of Velliangiri hills in the southern Western Ghats of Tamil Nadu India. Int. J. Med. Arom. Plants. 2:229-234.
  53. Santapau H (1951). A contribution to the flora of Simhagad Hill, Poona District. Poona Agricultural College Magazine 41(4):270-284.
  54. Santapau H(1957). The Flora of Purandar. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.
  55. Satyavathi K, Deepika DS and Padal SB(2014). Ethnomedicinal plants used by the Bagata tribes of Paderu forest division, Andhra Pradesh, India. Int. J. Adv. Res. Sci. Technol. 3:36-39.
  56. Shanmukha Rao V, Srinivasa Rao D, Venkaiah VM and Venkateswara Rao Y( 2014). Ethnobotanical studies of some selected medicinal plants of Pathapatnam Mandalam, Srikakulam district, Andhra Pradesh, India. Indian J. Pl. Sci. 4(3): 22-33.
  57. Shinde YP, Arangale KB, Bhalerao VU and Jadhav SA (2018). Ecological vegetation of some medicinal plants in Nandur Madhyameshwar, Nashik, India. International Journal of Botany Studies. (3)2:158-160.
  58. Sieber  SS, Medeiros PM, Albuquerque UP(2010). Local perception of environmental change in a semi-arid area of northeast Brazil: a new approach for the use of participatory methods at the level of family units”. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics. 24(5):511-531.
  59. Singh P and Dash SS (2014). Plant Discoveries 2013-New Genera, Species and New Records. Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata.
  60. Singh P, Karthigeyan K, Lakshminarasimhan P and Dash SS (2015). Endemic Vascular Plants of India. Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata.
  61. Suneetha J, Prasanthi S and Seetharami Reddi TVV (2012). Plants in ethnoveterinary practices in East Godavari district, Andhra Pradesh. J. Non-Timber Forest Product. 19:63-68.
  62. Vartak VD(1953). Contribution to the flora of Torna Hill, Poona District. Journal of Poona University Science and Technology. 1(4) :1-10.
  63. Vartak VD(1960). The study of the flora of the Katraj Ghat. Journal of Poona University (Science & Technology).22 :85-117.
  64. Wagh AN, Sonawane MD and Deore SV(2018). Ecological vegetation of some Rare, Endangered, Threatened and Endemic medicinal plants of Salher and Mulher Forest, Nashik (Maharashtra). International Journal of Management, Technology & Engineering. 8(11): 2204-2211.
  65. Zingare AK(2012). Ethnomedicinal uses of plants among the Halba tribe of Gondia district of Maharashtra, India. Bionano Frontier.SI:121-125.