Wastewater management was the legal responsibility of municipalities for decades in the state of Israel, resulting in environmental and water resource pollution. The 1990s saw a turnaround in this pattern. This paper explains the paradigm shift and examines how the national regime evolved, as well as how it affected at the municipal level. It turns out that rather than the local authorities, the policies of the central government regarding are to blame for both the paradigm shift and the long-term neglect.
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