Many countries in the Americas lack current, systematized data on the workforce profile of public health nurses and the public health nursing profession as a whole. A growing number of nurses are pursuing training in public health at the master's and doctoral levels due to significant regional differences in the levels and types of training they receive. Many nurses are not considered to be public health nurses even though they perform some or all of the essential functions of public health. By and large, helper and specialized medical caretakers have a more extensive presence in general wellbeing regions than proficient medical attendants. Regional health system reforms should support greater roles in individual, community, and population-level public health research and health care, as well as increased recruitment and training of public health nurses.
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