Neuropathy is any disease or disorder that affects the functioning of nerves in a person’s body. The nervous system is divided into two parts. CNS and PNS which includes the brain and spinal cord, and the peripheral nervous system, which branches off the brain stem and spinal cord to the rest of the body. The peripheral nervous system is further subdivided into the somatic and autonomic nervous systems. The somatic nervous system controls sensation and movement, while the autonomic nervous system controls vital functions, such as heart rate and breathing. Nerve cells originate in the central nervous system and have long fibers that extend throughout the body and terminate as nerve endings in skin, muscle, and organs. These cells transmit impulses from the brain and spinal cord to other parts of the body.
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