Goldy Shah1*, Virendra Kumar Vijay2, Kamal Kishore Pant3
Besides many other problems, the world is challenged by global warming, and the target is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Moreover, biogas has potential as a renewable source of energy for rural areas because the majority of the rural population is agrarian, thereby generating substantial agricultural waste throughout the year. Interestingly, the biogas application at commercial scale may help in getting rid of biomass waste and reducing GHG emissions. Pressure swing adsorption has the remarkable potential to produce bio-CNG as an alternative for natural gas. A major issue faced in the majority of the upgradation plant is that an off-gas stream with a significant methane content is produced and released directly into the atmosphere, which requires to be treated further to avoid emission into the environment. Therefore, this work aims to evaluate parameters and off-gas treatment to develop an efficient model for reducing methane loss. In this study, carbon molecular sieves were employed as an adsorbent in a pressure swing adsorption for the removal and capture of CO2 from biogas. Adsorption isotherms of CH4 and CO2 were measured experimentally meanwhile a series of breakthrough experiments were also performed on a fixed bed packed with CMS. In order to design experiments of the PSA process more reasonable, Central Composite Design Methodology was employed to implement the design of experiments, while Response Surface Methodology was used to analyse experimental results. Bio-methane with purity higher than 94.2% and recovery higher than 88% was obtained experimentally with two columns and an equalization tank.
Key words: Biogas, Bio-CNG, Pressure swing adsorption, Carbon dioxide
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