Crop diversity is a fundamental aspect of agriculture that encompasses the vast array of plant species cultivated for human consumption. It serves as the foundation of food security, resilience against environmental stresses, and sustainable agricultural practices. This review article examines the significance of crop diversity, its role in modern agriculture, and the challenges in preserving and utilizing it effectively. The objective is to emphasize the critical role that crop diversity plays in securing the future of global food systems and the urgent need to conserve and promote it for a sustainable future.
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