Raja Foud Elamin Ahmed*, Balagees A. Atta Elmnan and Khadiga A. Abdelatti
The experiment was designed to compare effects of Local Concentrate (LC) mixed with Phytogenic Feed Additives (PFA) and Imported Concentrate (IMC) on the performance, carcass characteristics of broiler chicks (Hubbard F15). A total of one hundred sixty unsexed, one day-old of broiler, the birds were offered an isocaloric and isonitrogenous experimental diets for 7 weeks. The data were analyzed by analysis of variance (ANOVA) for a completely randomized design. Four dietary treatments were formulated as follow: diet A contained 5% IMC (control), diets B, C, and D contained 2.5%, 5% and 7.5% LC, respectively. The LC was prepared by mixing 0.45% of clove (Syzygium aromaticum), 0.45% of ginger (Zingiber officinale), and 0.45% cardamom (Elettaria cardamom) to 34% groundnut cake, 11% sesame cake, 20% fish meal, 3% alfalfa meal, 28% cowpea, 0.4% limestone, 1% di-calcium phosphate, 1% salt, 0.25% vitamins. The parameters measured were Feed Intake (FI), Weight Gain (WG), Live Body Weight (LBW), feed conversion ratio (FCR), carcass characteristics. Mortality rate and economical appraisal. The analysis revealed that LC contained 96.5% DM, 34.7% CP, 7.5% CF, 14.2% Ash, 5.7% EE and 2543 Kcal/kg metabolizable energy. The results revealed that birds fed LC decreased significantly (P < 0.05) the overall performance (FI, WG, LBW, FCR, dressing %) compared to the birds fed control diet. Substitution of LC with IMC was not recommended in broiler diets according to the levels used in the study. Further studies are needed with high levels of LC.
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