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Bioterrorism-A Threat to National Security | 48064
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Bioterrorism-A Threat to National Security

Abstract

Syed Javaid Khurshid

A bioterrorism attack is that the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, or other germs to cause illness or death. These germs are often found in nature. But they will sometimes be made more harmful by increasing their ability to cause disease, spread, or resist medical treatment.

The main aim of BWC implementation is to control bioterrorism nationally and internationally. We will be talking about bioterrorism and BWC, mentioning a little bit of its history and challenges due to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases and their contribution to bioterrorism. The topic we will be talking about today is under discussion since 1990 but in 2001 the term of Emerging Infectious Diseases was coined for it, to emphasize the alarming situation of bioterrorism faced even after the implementation of BTWC. We have to see this keeping in view of the fact that the biological agents are more dangerous than chemical and nuclear weapons and there being no procedure to verify that how many states have biological weapons or have the capability to develop biological weapons adds this danger. In 1975 it was thought that only 1 or 2 member states other than superpowers had biological weapons. It is important that about 14 countries haven’t signed the Convention but even the 181 countries which are party to it do not have any legislation for implementation beside that we know there is no verification procedures this puts all the states at the risk of being targets of bioterrorism.

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