Human geography and physical geography are two areas of geography that are frequently used to define it. Human geography is the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment via the examination of their interactions with and across space and place. The study of processes and patterns in the natural environment, such as the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere, is referred to as physical geography. Spatial analyses of natural and human processes, area studies of locations and regions, studies of people-land relationships, and Earth sciences are the four historical traditions in geographical research. "The world discipline" and "the bridge between the human and physical sciences," according to some, is geography.
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