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Alexithymia in headache sufferers: A psychosomatic symptom o | 17209
International Research Journals

Alexithymia in headache sufferers: A psychosomatic symptom or comorbidity in adolescents?

Abstract

Elisabetta Tozzi, Giuseppe Andrisani, Daniela Maiorani, Letizia Pezzi, Roberta Leopardi, Nicoletta Fiorentini, and Enzo Sechi

This paper examines the relationship between Alexithymia and Primary Headaches in children and adolescents. The present work represents an observational research. The aim of this study is to clarify whether there is: (a) a significant correlation between primary headache and alexithymia in patients in developmental age; and (b) a significant difference in prevalence of alexithymia between patients with migraine and patients with tension-type headache. This study was carried out on a clinical group of 35 subjects, 11 males and 24 females, and a control group of 35 subjects, 12 males and 23 females. Primary headache was diagnosed by applying the International Headache Classification (ICHD-II, 2004) criteria while the alexithymic construct were measured using the Italian version of Toronto Alexithymia Scale. Higher rates of alexithymia were observed in the children of the clinical group rather than in the control group; in particular we didn’t found any significant correlation between alexithymia rates and migraine/tension-type headache diagnosis.

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