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International Research Journal of Plant Science

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Research - International Research Journal of Plant Science ( 2021) Volume 12, Issue 3

Biodiversity of Tree Plant Species in Daund Tahsil from Pune District (M.S.), India

Jalindarnath G. Bagal*
Department of Botany, E. S. Divekar College, Varvand, Tal. Daund, Dist. Pune -412215. (M.S.), India
*Corresponding Author:
Jalindarnath G. Bagal, Department of Botany, E. S. Divekar College, India, Email:

, DOI: 10.14303/irjps.2021.11


Biodiversity is the degree of variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome, or on an entire planet. The regional floristic studies are very important and it can be achieved by exploration of smaller areas. This is useful in the revision of existing flora. In present paper account of biodiversity of tree plant species in Daund tahsil from pune district of Maharashtra state, India is highlighted. Plant exploration was conducted to determine tree plant species in Daund tahsil. Tree flora includes 142 species (2 subspecies) belonging to 108 genera and 42 families of Angiosperms. Out of 142 species, 134 species (2 subspecies) are belonging to Dicotyledons while 8 species are of Monocotyledons. The family Caesalpinniaceae (16 Species), Mimosaceae (13 Species, 2 subspecies) and Bignoniaceae (11 Species) are dominant families of tree flora in Daund tahsil. Each plant is studied with respect to its botanical name, common name, family name, flowering and fruiting period etc.


Biodiversity, tree species, Daund tahsil.


Trees are major components of all terrestrial ecosystems and are an important segment of global biodiversity. Plant diversity refers to the variety and variability of plants in a given region. It refers to the number of types or taxa in a given region or group. Floristic diversity can be measured at any level from overall global diversity to ecosystem, community, species, populations, individuals and even to genes within a single individual. India is having richest biodiversity in the world. The Flora of India is consists of 47513 plant species of all groups and 18043 flowering plant species (Arisdason & Lakshminarasimhan, 2019). India is also known as a mega-diversity center among 12 in the world. Environmental condition supports the diversity of different plant species. By sequestering carbon, releasing oxygen and losing a large amount of water vapor, trees profoundly influence the environment. Trees bind the soil, recycle minerals and regulate the course of rainwater. Thus, trees are essential for maintaining the health of several ecosystems. The current study focuses on documentation of diversity of tree plant species in Daund Tahsil from Pune Disrtict (Maharashtra), India.

Biodiversity is the capital asset of a nation and form the foundation upon which the human civilization are built. Biodiversity offers several direct and indirect economic benefits to human kind. Among different groups of plants, flowering plants play an important role and will continue to play major role in shaping the word’s civilization (Yadav & Sardesai, 2002). Cultural, economic and overall development of a particular region is largely depends on the careful exploration, utilization as well as conservation of its natural resources. Therefore assessment and documentation of biodiversity have become an urgent need of the day.

Daund Tahsil lies in Pune district situated on the margins of Bhima River. It consists of 102 villages and one urban centre. Geographically this region extends from 180 18' to 180 41' North Latitude and 740 07' to 740 51' East Longitude (Map-1). The geographical area of the study region is 1289.86 Sq.Km. (128986 hector) according to 2011 census. The average height of study area is 554 meters from mean sea level. The river Bhima and its tributary rivers Mula- Mutha are dominating drainage pattern in study region. Agriculture is predominant in Daund tahsil and it provides livelihood to 66.93% population in Figure 1.


Figure 1 Map-1: Geographical location of Pune District in Maharashtra State (India) and Daund Tahsil Pune district

The earlier studies, on the tree flora of the different regions of the country have been made by different workers – (Sandhyarani et al., 2007; Kanade et al., 2008; Ghate Vinaya & Datar Mandar, 2009; Philomena George et al., 2011; Gaikwad & Mali, 2012; Gaikwad et al., 2014; Kulkarni et al., 2015; Bagul, 2017, 2018; Tadwalkar et al., 2020) etc.

Tree component is valuable in evaluating diversity values which are significant part of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) reports. In the light of changing scenario, the available floristic accounts and the ecological contributions are very inadequate. In the present paper, attempts have been made to evaluate tree flora of Daund Tahsil from Pune District, Maharashtra state, India.

Materials and Methods

The exploration of the area under study includes the planned study tours to various places for biodiversity of tree plant species collection. It was carried out during 2017 - 2020. Several daily and seasonal field tours were made to cover the entire Daund Tahsil. Flowering and fruiting specimens were collected and field observations on habit, habitat, color of flower, local name, flowering and fruiting period etc. were noted. Close up of flowering / fruiting material and habit along with associated plants were photographed. Special attention was paid to collect the plants from different areas and as far as possible all localities have been covered during all seasons.

The laboratory work was mainly in the form of comprised the correct identification of collected specimens. The specimens were identified with the help of published flora like Flora of India, (Hooker, 1872-1897), Flora of presidency of Bombay, Vol – I to III, (Cooke, 1901-1908; Repr, 1958.), The Flora of the Maharashtra state; Monocotyledons, (Sharma et al., 1996), Flora of Maharashtra Vol – I to IV (Almeida & Almeida, 2001, 2001, 2003). Flora of Maharashtra state; Dicotyledons Vol – I (Singh & Karthikeyan, 2000), Flora of Maharashtra state Dicotyledons Vol- II (Singh et al., 2001). Flora of Kolhapur District (Yadav & Sardesai, 2002), ‘Flora of Baramati’ (Bhagat et al., 2008); etc.

Names of the plant specimens were searched concerning with the different herbaria especially. Herbarium of Botanical survey of India (B.S.I.), Western circle, Pune, Herbarium, Department of Botany, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, Agharkar Herbarium of Maharashtra Association (AHMA), Agharkar Research Institute (A.R.I.) Pune. The plant specimen collected from the region was properly processed for herbarium (Jain & Rao, 1978). Herbarium specimens have been deposited at Herbarium, Department of Botany, E. S. Divekar College, Varvand, Tal- Daund, Dist- Pune, (M.S.) India.


The work embodied in this communication is the result of three years collection of tree plant species from different localities in Daund Tahsil from Pune District, Maharashtra, India. The present investigation revealed that total tree flora includes 142 species, (2 subspecies) 108 genera belonging to 42 families of Angiosperms. Out of 142 species, 134 species (94.37 %), 100 genera and 39 families are belonging to Dicotyledons while 8 species (5.63 %), 8 genera and 3 families are of Monocotyledons. Table 1 and Table 2. The family Caesalpinniaceae (16 Species), Mimosaceae (13 Species, 2 Subspecies) and Bignoniaceae (11 Species) are dominant families of tree flora in Daund tahsil. The largest genera as far as species are Ficus (8 species) and Acacia (6 species).

Table 1: Plant groups.

Plant Group Families Genera Species Subspecies
I)Dicotyledons 39 100 134 2
Polypetalae 25 64 87 2
Gamopetalae 7 23 27 0
Monochlamydae 7 13 20 0
II)Monoctyledons 3 8 8 0
Total 42 108 142 2

Table 2: Records of 143 tree species.

Family Botanical Name Local Name Fl. & Fr. Ref. No.
Magnoliaceae Magnolia grandiflora L. Kavathi Chapha Dec.-Feb. JGB-429
Magnoliaceae Michelia champaca L. Pivala chapha Sept.-Feb. JGB-185
Annonaceae Annona reticulata L. Ramphal Mar.-July (May be variable) JGB-374
Annonaceae Annona squamosa L. Sitaphal May-Aug. JGB-73
Annonaceae Polyalthia longifolia (Sonner.) Thw. Ashok Feb-Aug. JGB-311
Capparidaceae Crateva adansoii (Buch.-Ham.) Jacobs. Vaivarna Mar.-May JGB-802
Bixaceae Bixa orellana L. Shendri, Kesari Aug.- Sept. JGB-495
Clusiaceae Callophyllum inophylllum L. -- Dec.-Oct. JGB-804
Clusiaceae Garcinia indica (Thou.) Chois. Amsol Nov.-Aug. JGB-319
Clusiaceae Mammea suriga (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Kost. Surangi Mar.-Aug. JGB-290
Dipterocarpaceae Shorea robusta Gaertn. Sal Jan.-May JGB-262
Malvaceae Thespesia populnea (L.) Soland.  Gul Bhendi Aug.-Jan. JGB-236
Bombacaceae Bombax ceiba L. Kate Savar Jan.-June JGB-283
Sterculiaceae Helecteres isora L. Kesari Feb.-Dec. JGB-364
Sterculiaceae Pterospermum acerifolium (L.) Willd. Karnikar Mar.-Dec JGB-189
Sterculiaceae Sterculia foetida L. Jangli Badam Feb.-Aug JGB-160
Elaeocarpaceae Muntingia calabura L. Singapore Cherry Througout yr. JGB-198
Rutaceae Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. Bel Apr.-Sept. JGB-141
Rutaceae Citrus aurantifolia (Christm. & Panz.) Swing. Limbu Throughout year. JGB-430
Rutaceae Citrus limon (L.) Burm.f. Idlimbu Throughout year. JGB-230
Rutaceae Citrus reticulata Blanco Santra June-Aug. JGB-214
Rutaceae Citrus sinensis (L.) Osb. Mosambi Throughout year JGB-217
Rutaceae Limonia acidissima L. Kavath Mar.-Sept. JGB-77
Simaroubaceae Ailanthus excelsa Roxb. Ghod-Limb Nov.-Apr. JGB-393
Balanitaceae Balanities aegyptica (L.) Del. Hinganbet Nov.-Apr. JGB-282
Meliaceae Azadirachta indica Juss. Kadu Nimb Feb.-Sept. JGB-3
Meliaceae Khaya senegalensis (Desr.) A. Juss. -- Apr.-July. JGB-526
Meliaceae Melia azedarach L. Limbara. Apr.-July. JGB-7
Meliaceae Swietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq. Mahogoni Mar.-Oct. JGB-147
Rhamnaceae Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. Bor Sept.-Jan. JGB-8
Sapindaceae Sapindus laurifolius Vahl, Ritha Oct.-Feb. JGB-302
Anacardiaceae Anacardium occidentale L. Kaju Jan.-July JGB-304
Anacardiaceae Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) Almeida Charoli Feb.-May JGB-275
Anacardiaceae Mangifera indica L. Mango Sept.-Aug. JGB-183
Anacardiaceae Semecarpus anacardium L. Bibba Sept.-Jan. JGB-431
Moringaceae Moringa oleifera Lam. Shevaga Throughout year JGB-346
Fabaceae Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. Pala Mar. June. JGB-80
Fabaceae Castanospermum austrael Cunn. & Fraser Black Bean Sept.-Dec JGB-126
Fabaceae Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.   Feb.-Nov. JGB-158
Fabaceae Dalbergia sisso Roxb. Shisham Mar.-June & Sept.-Dec. JGB-138
Fabaceae Erythrina variegata L. Pangara Feb.-May JGB-121
Fabaceae Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth. Giripushpa Feb.-June JGB-157
Fabaceae Pongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre Karanj Mar.-Aug. JGB-13
Fabaceae Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.  Bilawa Mar. -June JGB-256
Fabaceae Sesbania grandiflora (L.) Poir.  Hadga Sept.-Jan. JGB-258
Fabaceae Sesbania sesban (L.) Merr. Shevari Aug. - Jan. JGB-16
Caesalpiniaceae Bauhinia purpurea L. Kanchan Sept.-Jan. JGB-472
Caesalpiniaceae Bauhinia racemosa Lam. Apta Mar.-Aug. JGB-14
Caesalpiniaceae Bauhinia variegata L. Kanchan Nov.-Mar. JGB-268
Caesalpiniaceae Caesalpinia sappan L. Patang Sept-Dec. JGB-286
Caesalpiniaceae Cassia fistula L. Bahava Fls. Mar.-Aug. Frts.: ripe in next year. JGB-289
Caesalpiniaceae Cassia renigera Wall. - Apr.-June JGB-448
Caesalpiniaceae Cassia roxburghii DC. - Sept.-Feb. JGB-435
Caesalpiniaceae Senna siamea (Lam.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby. Kashid May-Mar. JGB-466
Caesalpiniaceae Senna surattensis (Burm.f.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby. Tarwad Sept-May JGB-296
Caesalpiniaceae Colvillea racemosa Boj. - Sept.-Oct. JGB-499
Caesalpiniaceae Delonix regia (Boj.ex Hook.) Raf. Gulmohor Feb.-Nov. JGB-500
Caesalpiniaceae Delonix elata (L.) Gamble, -- June-Dec. JGB-467
Caesalpiniaceae Parkinsonia aculeata L. Vedi Babhul Nov.-June JGB-22
Caesalpiniaceae Peltophorum pterocarpum (DC.) Baker Sonmohor Sept.-Mar. JGB-522
Caesalpiniaceae Saraca asoca (Roxb.) Willd. Sitecha Ashok Dec.- May JGB-299
Caesalpiniaceae Tamarindus indica L. Chinch July-Nov JGB-297
Mimosaceae Acacia auriculiformis A. Cunn. -- Dec.-Feb. JGB-316
Mimosaceae Acacia catechu (L. f.) Willd. Kat June-Oct. JGB-30
Mimosaceae Acacia leucophloea (Roxb.) Willd. Hivar Nov.-Feb. JGB-815
Mimosaceae Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd.
ssp. indica (Benth.) Brenan,
Babhul :June-Feb. JGB-111(a)
Mimosaceae Acacia nilotica (L.) Willd. ex Del subsp. cupressiformis (J.L.Stewart) Ali. &Farqui Ramkanta Aug-Feb. JGB-111(b)
Mimosaceae Acacia polyacantha Willd. Sonkhair Feb.-July JGB-48
Mimosaceae Albizzia amara (Roxb.) Boiv. Lavale Jan.-June JGB-816
Mimosaceae Albizia lebbeck (L.) Willd. Shirish Apr.-Aug. JGB-298
Mimosaceae Lysiloma latisiliquum (L.) Benth. Subabhul July-Oct. JGB-322
Mimosaceae Parkia biglandulosa Wight & Arn. Chenduphal Jan.-May JGB-282
Mimosaceae Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. Vilayati Chinch Jan.-June JGB-572
Mimosaceae Prosopis cineraria (L.) Druce, Shami Nov.-Apr. JGB-21
Mimosaceae Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. Vedi-Bhabal Aug.-June. JGB-24
Mimosaceae Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr. Parjanya Vriksha Mar.-July JGB-566
Combretaceae Terminalia bellerica (Gaertn.) Roxb. Behada May.-Nov JGB-232
Combretaceae Terminalia catappa L. Deshi Badam Mar.-Sept. JGB-349
Combretaceae Terminnalia chebula Retz.  Hirda Feb.-May JGB-347
Combretaceae Terminalia cuneata Roth. Arjuna Apr.-Nov. JGB–351
Myrtaceae Callistemon citrinus (Curtis) Skeels Botlebrush Sept.-Feb. JGB-353
Myrtaceae Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Nilgiri Feb.-May JGB-350
Myrtaceae Psidium guajava L. Peru Throughout year. JGB-486
Myrtaceae Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels, Jambhul Mar.-July JGB-478
Myrtaceae Syzygium rubicundum Wight & Am. Lendi Jambhal Mar.-July JGB-551
Lythraceae Lagerstroemia parviflora Roxb. Bondara June-Sept. JGB-345
Lythraceae Lagerstroemia reginae Roxb. Taman Aug.-Oct. JGB-356
Caricaceae Carica papaya L. Papai Throughout year. JGB-418
Rubiaceae Morinda pubescens J. Bartondi Apr.-Sept. JGB-105
Rubiaceae Neolaifiarkia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser Kadamb Nov.-Feb. JGB-358
Sapotaceae Madhuca longifolia (Koen.) Mac. Moha Apr.-June JGB-452
Sapotaceae Manilkara zapota (L.) Van Royen Chikku Throughout year. JGB-459
Sapotaceae Mimusops elengi L. Bakul Dec.-Apr. JGB-555
Ebenaceae Diospyros perigrina (Gaertn.) Guerke Tembhurni Jan.-July JGB-434
Apocynaceae Alstonia macrophylla Wall. -- Sept.-Dec. JGB-376
Apocynaceae Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br. Saptaparni Feb.-Aug. JGB-453
Apocynaceae Plumeria alba L. Pandhara Chapha May-Sept. JGB-680
Apocynaceae Plumeria rubra L. Lal Chapha Mar.-Sept. JGB-639
Ehretiaceae Cordia domestica Roth, Bhokar Feb.-June JGB-348
Ehretiaceae Cordia gharaf (Forssk) Ehrenb & Asch. Gondani Mar.-June JGB-261
Ehretiaceae Ehretia indica (Dennst. ex Kostle) M. R. & S. M. Almeida Ajan Vriksha Sept.-Dec. JGB-827
Bignoniaceae Dolichandrone falcata (Wall. ex DC.) Seem. Medshingi Mar-June. JGB-305
Bignoniaceae Heterophragma quadriloculare (Roxb.) K. Schum. Varas Jan.-June JGB-833
Bignoniaceae Jacaranda acutifolia Humb. & Bonpl. -- Mar.-Oct. JGB-487
Bignoniaceae Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. -- Mar.-Aug. JGB-615
Bignoniaceae Millingtonia hortensis L Booch Apr.-June JGB-497
Bignoniaceae Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent. Tetu June-Dec. JGB-544
Bignoniaceae Spathodea campanulata P. Beauv. Pichkari Jan.-May JGB-473
Bignoniaceae Stereospermum chelenoides (L.f.) DC. Padar Apr. -June JGB-508
Bignoniaceae Tababuia argentea (Bur. & Schum.) Britt. -- Mar. -Apr Frts.: not seen. JGB-608
Bignoniaceae Tababuia rosea (Bertol.) DC. -- Dec.-Apr. JGB-605
Bignoniaceae Tecoma stans (L.) H. B. & K. Phutani Sept.-Feb. JGB-640
Verbenaceae Gmelina arborea Roxb. Shivan Mar.-May JGB-549
Verbenaceae Tectona grandis L. Saag June-Dec. JGB-555
Verbenaceae Vitex negundo L. Nirgudi Throughout year JGB-32
Lauraceae Cinnamomum verum Persl. Dalchini Jan.-May JGB-547
Proteaceae Grevillea robusta A. Cunn. Silver Oak Mar.-July JGB-545
Santalaceae Santalum album L. Chandan Feb.-Nov. JGB-527
Euphorbiaceae Bridelia retusa (L.) Spreng Asana Aug.-Dec. JGB-546
Euphorbiaceae Drypetes roxburghii (Wall.) Hurusawa Putravanti Apr.-Oct. JGB-514
Euphorbiaceae Emblica officinalis Gaertn. Awala Feb.-July JGB-575
Euphorbiaceae Euphoribia tirucalli L. Sher Feb.-May JGB-843
Euphorbiaceae Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels. Rai awala Throughout year JGB-587
Ulmaceae Holoptelea integrifolia (Roxb.) Planch. Vavli Mar.-Apr. JGB-545
Moraceae Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Jack-fruit Mar.-April JGB-569
Moraceae Ficus benghalensis L. Wad April- June JGB-561
Moraceae Ficus benjamina L. Benjamin Wad Feb.-April JGB-589
Moraceae Ficus carica L. Anjir Throughout year JGB-559
Moraceae Ficus elastica Roxb. Ruber tree Not seen. JGB-564
Moraceae Ficus microcarpa L. Nandruk Mar.-June JGB-520
Moraceae Ficus racemosa L. Umbar throughout Year JGB-93
Moraceae Ficus religiosa L. Pimpal Apr.-Aug. JGB-729
Moraceae Ficus virens Ait. Pipli Sept-June JGB-94
Moraceae Morus alba L. Tuti Throughout year JGB-664
Casuarinaceae Casuarina equisetifolia L. Suru, Jan.-May JGB-733
Agavaceae Dracaena deremensis Engl. Darshani Feb.-May JGB-700
Arecaceae Areca catechu L. Supari throughout year JGB-659
Arecaceae Caryota urens L. Fish-tail Palm Throughout year JGB-687
Arecaceae Cocos nucifera L. Naral Throughout year JGB-702
Arecaceae Elaeis guinensis Jacq. Oil Palm Jan.-Nov. JGB-616
Arecaceae Phoenix sylvestris (L.) Roxb. Shindi Jan.-Sept. JGB-707
Arecaceae Roystonea regia (H. B. & K.) Cook Bottlepalm Sept.-Mar. JGB-721
Pandanaceae Pandanus odoratissimus L. Kevda Sept.-Nov. JGB-695


Plant wealth of a region is regarded as an important & valuable natural resource. However, this diversity is under great pressure due to anthropogenic activity such as deforestation, forest fire, habitat destruction, various developmental activities, over exploitation of trees for timber, fuel, wood and fodder etc. have decreased the trees and other biodiversity. Therefore we should know the status of biodiversity in a particular area in general and incorporate the actual status. Documentation of diversity of plants especially biodiversity of tree species of Angiosperms in Daund Tahsil from Pune Disrtict (Maharashtra) India, will be great significance to recognize present status of floristic diversity in the area.

The present investigation enumerates plants tree species of Angiosperms in Daund Tahsil provides detailed information about 143 tree taxa belonging to 108 genera and 42 families. From the data it is concluded that, out of total 730 species of flowering plants in the study area (Bagal et al., 2012), the number of Angiospermic tree species is 143 species and it is of 19.58 %. This data generate baseline information for further research work. The survey of Angiospermic trees of Daund Tahsil from Pune district of Maharashtra state, India at regional level would be a good source of importance on technical and taxonomic data. The findings of the survey will be helpful to identify threats to biodiversity.


The author acknowledges their sincere and grateful thanks to Dr. L.K. Shitole, Principal, E.S. Divekar College, Varvand, Tal. Daund, Dist. Pune for their constant encouragements. He is also thankful to authorities of Department of Botany, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune, and Botanical Survey of India (BSI), Western circle, Pune for their valuable guidance, constructive suggestions and laboratory facilities.


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