This paper discussed the relationship among professional identity, psychological resilience and professional self-efficacy in baccalaureate nursing students. A descriptive cross-sectional study was used to collect data from graduate nursing students between November and December 2017 in China. 133 nursing students was recruited from Zhengzhou University who were practice at two Tertiary hospitals in Zhengzhou Henan province. They completed questionnaires including the Professional Identity Questionnaire for Nursing Students (PIQNS), Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-10), and Professional Self-efficacy Questionnaire for Nurse Students (PSQNS). PSQNS has a direct effect on professional identity among practice nursing students (standardised coefficient Beta: 0.601, p<0.01). In addition, we verified that professional identity has a significant correlation to graduate nursing students’ professional self-efficacy (r=0.639, p<0.01) and resilience (r=0.339, p<0.01). Graduate nursing students’ professional identity was not satisfactory and one strategy to improve this is to internalize professional self-efficacy into the education process. Nursing educators should focus more on the formation of the students’ professional identity and professional self-efficacy as a contributing factor to it.
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