Sebnem Cinar Yucel, Umut Yucel, Ibrahim Gulhan, Mehmet Ozeren
The objective is to evaluate sleep quality and rela ted factors in pregnant women. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were administered to 102 healthy pregnant women in a fac e-to-face interview. The mean age was 25.5±3.8 (17-34) and the mean gestational week was 32.1±8.3 (12-41). Mean total PSQI score was 7.5±4.4, mean score in Beck Anxiety Inventory was 11.5±5.2 (2-22) , the mean score in Beck Depression Inventory was 8.5±2.7 (3-15). Sixty one percent of the pregna nt women had a global PSQI above 5. There was a strong positive correlation between mean PSQI total score and anxiety and weak positive correlation between mean PSQI total score and depression [(r=0. 71, p<0.001), (r=0.31, p<0.001)]. No statistically significant correlation was found between age and m ean PSQI total score (r=0.188, p=0.059). There was a significant relation between BMI and the mean PSQI (p<0.001). A positive weak correlation was found between gestational week and mean PSQI total score (r=0.389, p<0.001). A statistically significant difference was found between caffeine c onsumption and mean PSQI total score (p<0.001). There were no statistically significant differences between exercise and mean PSQI total score nor between gravida number and mean PSQI total score (U =1044.50, Z=-0.10, p=0.91). Sixty one percent of the pregnant women reported low sleep quality which was adversely affected by depression, anxiety, advanced gestational week, BMI and caffeine.
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