Salt iodization and thyroid function of pregnant women in ea | 16864
International Research Journals

International Research Journal of Biochemistry and Bioinformatics

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Salt iodization and thyroid function of pregnant women in early pregnancy in Owerri-southeast Nigeria


Cosmas O. Ujowundu, Favour N. Kalu, Reginald N. Nwaoguikpe, Kalu O. Igwe, Rosita I. Okechukwu and Tobias I.N. Ezejiofor.

Studies have shown that one of the greatest challenges in the global fight to eliminate IDD is ensuring sustainability of effective iodization programs. Regular assessment of iodine status of the most vulnerable population and monitoring the progress of salt iodization programs are cornerstones of IDD control strategy. This study measured the iodine content of common table salts sold to the population studied and assessed the thyroid activity and urinary iodine concentration of pregnant women in their first trimester of Pregnancy. The results of the iodine content of the common table salts showed that all the salt sampled from the markets and shops contained iodine at concentration range of 12.7�?±0.60 mg/kg â�?�? 74.1�?±4.00 mg/kg. Majority of common salts sampled met the required iodine content. Biochemical assessment showed that the median serum concentrations of TSH, T4, T3 and Urinary Iodine excretion were 1.35 �?¼IU/ml, 10.45 �?¼g/dl, 189.6ng/dl and 175.6�?¼g/l respectively. These values indicated optimal iodine nutrition and healthy thyroid status.

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