Ntsama Essomba C, Avomo J, Esiene A, Leme Banock L, Abologo Azeme L, Masso Misse P and Essomba A
Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common complications after surgery that has significant impact in patient morbidity, mortality and health c are cost. A prospective case-control study was conducted with the aim of contributing to the safet y of inpatients. It consisted in determining the ra te of SSIs in patients who underwent surgery in three pub lic hospitals in Yaounde, from November 2011 to March 2012. Patient-specific demographic determinan ts and elements related to surgery or to hospital care organisation were also evaluated as risk facto rs. During the study period, 1201 patients underwen t surgery. Most of the patients were women (60.78%) a nd their mean age was 37. Out of the study population, 110 developed incisional SSIs, giving a prevalence rate of 9.16%. The infection was superficial for 68.18% cases. Environmental factors such as the hospital, the type of surgical ward an d surgical factors like the American Society of Anaes thesiology (ASA) score, the wound class contamination, the status of surgery and the type o f surgery were significantly associated to SSI occurrence. The study revealed a higher SSI rate in the three hospitals, compared to the standard international levels. Therefore, developing SSI pre vention strategies is a clear indication.
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