Moutawakilou Gomina, Ruth N. Mfoumou Ele, Rachidi Sidi Imorou, AdÃÆÃÂ©bayo Alassani, Gilbert Djidonou, Haziz Sina, Lamine Baba-Moussa, Simon Akpona
Cases of dyslipidemia associated with menopause increase risk for cardiovascular diseases during that period of life. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with dyslipidemia among menopausal women in the city of Parakou. It was a cross-sectional study with descriptive and analytical purpose, which had been carried out from 20 February to 20 May, 2016 in Parakou (Benin). Lipid parameters were measured in 379 menopausal women. The criteria of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III were used to identify dyslipidemia cases. The overall prevalence of dyslipidemia was estimated at 86.98%. The different types of dyslipidemia which were identified were: hypercholesterolemia (53.03%), LDL hypercholesterolemia (47.72%), hypertriglyceridemia (29.02%), HDL hypocholesterolemia (25.33%), mixed hyperlipidemia (17.94%) and atherogenic dyslipidemia (2.34%). Abdominal obesity (p=0.03) was significantly associated with hypercholesterolemia. Alcohol excessive drinking was significantly associated with HDL hypocholesterolemia (p=0.00). Obesity (p=0.03) and history of diabetes mellitus (p=0.00) were significantly associated with hypertriglyceridemia. Obesity (p=0.02) was significantly associated with mixed hyperlipidemia. Prevalence of dyslipidemia in the menopausal women of Parakou is high. Preventive measures must be implemented in order to reduce those abnormal lipid parameters.
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