Electrodialysis is a mature technique that has beyond the limits of brackish water desalination and continues to demonstrate its versatility for a variety of applications. Electrodialysis is now conducted in a variety of configurations under nonconventional applications and linked with other technologies in hybrid systems, parallel to the advancement of ion-exchange membranes. Recent advances in wastewater treatment and water supply are discussed throughout this chapter (Therese et al., 2019). Novel electrodialysis outcomes, including selectrodialysis, bipolar electrodialysis, reverse electrodialysis, electrodeionization, and overlimiting electrodialysis, are reviewed. The primary goals for continuous work to optimize electrodialysis systems are to provide water in remote places, save natural resources, and reduce industrial expenses (Yunusa et al., 2018).
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