Phytochemicals are produced by plants as a defence against diseases. They are used to treat a variety of neurological, immunological, and metabolic abnormalities in people in conventional treatments. Indigenous plants are increasingly being used in commercial medicine as a result of rising population. Demand increased as a result of the antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial characteristics of plant extracts. Plant tissue culture, on the other hand, has established itself as a reliable technique for obtaining bioactive substances from plants. Artificial plant culture can boost the production of phytochemicals in medicinal plants. Plants contain chemical substances called phytochemicals, which have positive effects on human health. Typically, a variety of plant metabolic processes result in the production of phytochemicals. Phytochemicals include, among others, polyphenols, flavonoids, isoflavonoids, anthocyanidins, phytoestrogens, terpenoids, carotenoids, limonoids, phytosterols, glucosinolates, and fibres. Consequently, phytochemicals may play a role as preventative agents against a number of chronic diseases in addition to being employed to promote overall health.
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