This article delves into the profound mysteries surrounding dark matter, an invisible and enigmatic form of matter that constitutes a significant portion of the universe's mass-energy content. Despite its invisible nature, dark matter's gravitational effects on galaxies and their motion reveal its pervasive presence. The hunt for dark matter particles, particularly weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), through various experiments has yielded intriguing insights, though definitive detection remains elusive. Gravitational lensing provides an alternative approach to indirectly study dark matter's distribution within cosmic structures. While the WIMP hypothesis remains dominant, alternative theories and ongoing experiments continue to push the boundaries of understanding. As astrophysics embarks on this captivating journey, the mysteries of dark matter beckon as a frontier of exploration that challenges the limits of our comprehension of the cosmos.
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