Exploring challenges in decreasing maternal mortality in Africa with respect to failure to achieve Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)


Abdurrahman Suleiman Maru,Muhammad Chutiyami, Nasir Bawa Shagari

Globally, the rate of mortality and morbidity is enhanced by complications in pregnancy and childbirth. It is estimated that every day, approximately 1000 women and girls die due to labour and pregnancy complications worldwide. However, there are many strategies put in place notably the MDGs in order to decrease the menace. This study aims to identify the challenges encountered while trying to decrease maternal mortality in Africa in light of the MDGs. A systematic review approach was adopted, in which data was searched in MEDLINE, CINAHL, web of science and global health. Relevant articles were extracted and synthesised using a narrative synthesis approach. It was identified that poor transportation system, lack of quality health care system, poor attitude of health staff toward labouring women, lack of awareness about maternal services due to poor sensitisation and belief in traditional medicine were the major challenges that led to the failure to reduce maternal mortality with respect to MDGs. It is thus concluded that these challenges be addressed in order to reduce maternal mortality in Africa.

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