Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in the Intensive Care Unit of the N | 17929
International Research Journals

Epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in the Intensive Care Unit of the National Teaching Hospital of Cotonou


Pierre-Claver Hounkpè, Djimon Marcel Zannou, Angèle Azon-Kouanou, Dissou Affolabi, Etienne Djévi, Dominique Atchadé and Sévérin Anagonou

HIV/AIDS is now recognized as the largest pandemic. The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the importance of the pandemic in the Intensive Car e Unit of Hubert K. MAGA University and National Teaching Hospital of Cotonou (CNHU-HKM). During a t en-year period running from January 1 st , 2001 to December 31 st , 2010, we have identified among incoming patients, all cases of HIV-positive diagnosed prior to admission and during hospitalization in int ensive care. A total of 8,862 patients were admitte d during the study period. Among these patients, 17 c ases of HIV/AIDS were collected; thus, the prevalence was 0.19%. All cases were adults of the both sexes; the median age was 37 years. Neurological manifestations were the main reasons t o hospitalization. There were 8 men versus 9 women (47.1% v 52.9%) with a sex ratio M/F of 0.88. The median age was 39.37 years in men (range 27- 54 years). Women were younger, with the median age of 34 years (range 27- 49 years). The overall mortality was 88.2% during hospitalization witch sho rtly lasted 4.87 days average. The introduction of routine screening and early management of patients will allow a reduction in HIV mortality.

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