Despite the tireless efforts of authorities to reduce, recycle, and reuse municipal solid waste in Africa, more and more waste still needs to be disposed of in landfills. There are many waste treatment options available, but local conditions should be taken into consideration when making a choice. Waste management options such us incineration may be a better option for waste treatment, but in developing countries, especially in Africa, technical and economic issues are obstacles to large-scale implementation of waste-to-energy projects. Landfill gas to energy could be a potential source of energy in areas like Africa, where there is low energy accessibility. Therefore, the current study analyzes the economic feasibility and environmental impact of electricity recovery from landfill methane in urban areas of Africa. The study used the best data available in literature, namely methane and electricity generation potential from municipal waste disposed of in landfill in 53 urban areas of Africa in 2012. Economic feasibility analysis using net present value and levelized cost of energy methods was carried out. Besides, the environmental impact of landfill gas to energy was analyzed based on global warming and acidification potential. Key findings showed that landfill gas to energy project has positive net present value in all the countries except Sudan, Uganda, Burundi, Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Chad, Guinea, Malawi, andEthiopia. It was also realized that levelized cost of energy of the project in urban areas of Africa in 2012 was from $0.076 kWh to $0.870 kWh. The environmental impact analysis showed that on the average, landfill gas to electricity project could reduce global warming potential by 72.2%. However, it has been observed that electricity generation from landfill methane could increase acid gas emissions from 8.75% to 9.00%.
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