Objective: This study was conducted to determine the relationship between surgical fear levels and postoperative pain levels of patients undergoing total knee prosthesis surgery. Material and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted with 74 patients who applied to a foundation hospital in Ankara for total knee prosthesis surgery between December 2018- May 2019, met the inclusion criteria and accepted to participate. Results: In the study the total SFQ score of patients was 33.89±24.04, the short-term fears subscale score was 15.44±14.38, and the long-term fears subscale score was 18.44±11.30. Mean short-term fears subscale scores of the patients who had previous surgery and the mean total SFQ and subscale scores of the patients who found education insufficient were significantly higher (p=0,027). It was determined that there was a statistically significant difference between the education level of the patients, the type of anesthesia and the mean pain score(respectively p=0,010, p=0,03) and there was a positive correlation between the first mobilization time and the mean pain score (r=0,331, p=0,004).
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