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International Research Journal of Agricultural Science and Soil Science

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Assessment of bird strike occurrences and bird species abundance at the Murtala Muhammed International Airport, Lagos

Abstract

Oduntan, O.O1 ., Akinyemi, A.F.2 and Abiodun, O.A.2

This study assessed the abundance and activities of various bird species as well as the rate of bird strike occurrences at the Murtala Muhammed International Airport (MMIA), Lagos. Line transect survey was used to generate data for ecological analysis. Information on trend in bird strike occurrence in Nigeria aerodrome (1990-2002) was collected from Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority. A total of 36 species representing 22 families were recorded during the study, while a high value of 0.8684 calculated for the Simpson’s Index of Diversity, indicated a richness of bird species at the MMIA. However, individual birds were not evenly distributed as seen among the species as seen in the value (0.2) calculated for equitability (ED). A total of 45 cases of bird strike were recorded between 1990 and 2002, while Cattle Egret Bulbulcus ibis recorded the highest abundance of individual as well as the highest cause of bird strike in MMIA.

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