Based on the principles of stem cell technology and tissue engineering, precision medicine is a distinct and significant advancement in medical treatment that aims to replace or regenerate human tissues and organs and restore their functions. This strategy is beginning to become a useful treatment option for acute injuries, chronic diseases, and congenital anomalies after years of basic research. Despite this, it is a relatively obscure area of study. The objective of this review is to provide an overview of the current state of precision medicine in terms of current practices, prevailing approaches, and pressing issues to be addressed in the future. For personal research projects and more in-depth studies, this review is a good place to start.
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