The recent shortage of wheat supplies from Russia and Ukraine has necessitated a significant increase in domestic production. As agricultural practices affect bread wheat yields, he assessed current production strategies in Egyptian wheat-based systems and studied their impact on wheat productivity in his four study areas of the Nile Delta. We selected 246 wheat farmers using a multilevel random sampling approach and applied a structured questionnaire to assess agricultural practices and crop performance characteristics. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, analysis of variance and multiple regression models. The average age of wheat farmers is 56, and they have about 30 years of farming experience. Land holdings were relatively small, averaging 1.05 hectares, with an average wheat yield of 6.4 tons (t) per hectare (ha). Farmers participate 5 times in a season. Most farmers had little knowledge of modern farming methods and no access to information. Increasing domestic production in Egypt requires tax incentives that allow or encourage wheat farmers to use most of their arable land for wheat cultivation. Furthermore, the guidelines should enable wheat farmers to increase productivity by implementing appropriate and sustainable agricultural practices such as crop rotation, mineral balance and the use of biological additives. . But the most important factors are interventions and technologies to improve irrigation water supplies and use them more efficiently.
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