In relation to the traits of Latin American farmers and the tactics of funders and practitioners for IPM research and development, a few particular challenges related integrated pest management (IPM) development and acceptance in Latin America are discussed. IPM's complexity and the numerous assumptions made about the needs and issues of farmers present a hurdle. The focus is on IPM techniques including semiochemicals and microbial pesticides, which are examined from a Latin American viewpoint both for the market of IPM products and the regulatory guidelines for registration and usage of semiochemicals. Finally, a review of Latin American IPM research is presented (Bekker-Grob EW et al., 2012). This study examines the level of heavy metal contamination in agroecosystems in relation to agricultural development. The agricultural situations in Poland and the Netherlands were contrasted for this. It was discovered that a significant portion of the heavy metal intake to these systems was caused by the extensive animal and vegetable agriculture seen in the Netherlands over the previous 20–30 years. Poland's agriculture is about to experience a dramatic economic and technological upsurge because to the country's recent EU membership. The low levels of organic fertilisation currently present in this nation are anticipated to rise sharply during the following few years, resulting in a rise in the environmental burden of heavy metals comparable to that seen in the Netherlands As the EU assumes responsibility for the maximum limits of certain of these chemicals allowed in mineral fertilisers, awareness of the harm that heavy metals pose to public health is gradually spreading. The authors want to emphasise that using organic fertilisers is the primary source of heavy metals, nonetheless. A proper response, including feed regime adaption and/or remediation, may be necessary to both protect Poland's unpolluted soils and to halt the ongoing soil pollution in the Netherlands (Uduak CU et al., 2012).
Share this article