Pest management plays a crucial role in safeguarding agriculture, public health, and ecosystems. With growing concerns over environmental sustainability and the increasing threat of pest resistance to conventional methods, researchers have intensified efforts to develop innovative and eco-friendly pest management strategies. This review article aims to explore recent advancements in pest management techniques, ranging from biological control and genetic approaches to sustainable integrated pest management (IPM) practices. By evaluating the efficacy, benefits, and challenges of these novel methods, this review highlights the potential for revolutionizing pest control in the 21st century.
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