Hydnocarpus pentandra (Buch.-Ham.) Oken (Family Achariaceae) is a vital plant with numerous traditional significance commonly known as Chaulmoogra. Extracted seed oil (known as Chaulmoogra oil) is used for treating skin disorders, leprosy, verminous, constipation, blood disorders, inflammation, scabies, wound healing, dyspepsia, etc. The aim of the present review focuses on the Ethnopharmacological, Phytochemical constituents, and Pharmacological properties of Hydnocarpus pentandra (Buch.-Ham.) Oken. It has been used traditionally to treat skin-related disorders and Hansen’s disease (also known as leprosy). The stem and leaf are reported to contain phytoconstituents such as alkaloids, glycosides, flavonoids, phenols, tannins, saponins, terpenoids, fixed oils, and sterols. Along with this, Hydnocarpus pentandra (Buch.-Ham.) Oken also has pharmacological activities such as anti-leprosy, anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, larvicidal, antioxidant, anticancer activities, anti-microbial, antiinflammatory, and antiradical.
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