One of the main reasons people visits their GP or pharmacy is thought to be respiratory tract infections. Infections of the respiratory tract (RTIs) are the main cause of death in the USA. The severity of lower respiratory infections (LRIs) tends to be higher than that of upper respiratory infections. All infectious diseases included, LRIs are the most common cause of death. Bronchitis and pneumonia are the two LRIs that are most prevalent. The upper respiratory tract frequently becomes infected with tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, sinusitis, and otitis media (Wessels MR, 2011).
Our study aims to improve surveys of respiratory tract infection cases and causes. We then assess the proportion of patients with negative results and determine why there was no screening for all pathogenic viruses and only a search for bacterial infection. Finally, we characterize the isolated pathogenic bacteria's culture and test its antibiotic susceptibility.
Between January 2013 and December 2014, we conducted a survey of 635 throat swabs and sputum samples in the Department of Microbiology at the Central Laboratory of the Ministry of Health in Amman, the capital of Jordan. We used throat and sputum, culture, biochemical testing, and antisera.
Swabs and sputum samples were collected from a total of 635 people (275 men and 360 women), and a total of 55 throat samples yielded positive results for Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci, with an overall prevalence of 8.7%. There were 23 sputum samples that tested positive for various bacterial infections, with a 10% overall frequency (Wenzel RP et al., 2006). Then to disclose the details of their susceptibility to antibiotics. Finally, Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci are the most frequent cause of upper respiratory tract infections. But the most typical reason for lower respiratory tract infections is K. pneumonia.
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