Soil fertility is a vital aspect of agriculture and ecosystem sustainability. It plays a significant role in determining crop productivity, plant health, and overall environmental balance. This review article presents an in-depth analysis of the factors influencing soil fertility and nutrient dynamics. We explore the key components of soil fertility, including organic matter content, nutrient availability, soil pH, microbial activity, and the impact of agricultural practices on soil health. The objective is to shed light on the importance of soil fertility and provide insights into best practices for sustainable soil management.
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