To alleviate hunger and poverty, India initiated green revolution in 1960s by introducing high yielding varieties of rice and wheat. Most of the Indian states produce rice as major crop. For the first 20-30 years there was bumper rice production using new seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and mechanical aids in conventional paddy cultivation methodology. Excessive use of chemicals decreases the productivity of land areas resulting decreases in the income of farmers. A farming methodology which is amalgamation of multiple beneficial practices aimed at increasing the yield of rice is called system of rice intensification (SRI) world over. The farmers of Hazaribag district in Jharkhand state are continuously encouraged to adopt SRI method for rice production. To show the benefits of SRI over conventional paddy cultivation, a case study has been presented in this paper which reveals that rural employment as well as income of farmers could be maximized using SRI techniques.
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