International Research Journals

Commentary - Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences ( 2022) Volume 13, Issue 2

Delibrate an Audit on Diabetic Retinal Injury

Department of Medical Sciences, East Carolina University, Saudi Arabia
*Corresponding Author:
Mohammad, Department of Medical Sciences, East Carolina University, Saudi Arabia, Email:

Received: 08-Mar-2022, Manuscript No. JMMS-22-62541; Editor assigned: 10-Mar-2022, Pre QC No. JMMS-22-62541 (PQ); Reviewed: 24-Mar-2022, QC No. JMMS-22-62541; Revised: 28-Mar-2022, Manuscript No. JMMS-22-62541 (R); Published: 04-Apr-2022, DOI: 10.14303/jmms.13.2.14


The diabetic retinal injury model was spread out. After treatment with berberine, OCT and water maze were assessed, and 10 characteristics were screened out by 4D-DIA quantitative proteomic examination. Heat map contrast examination and nuclear docking were performed. The watchwords “diabetic retinal injury” were input in PubMed, and the associated characteristics addressed were gotten together with the outcomes of 10 screened proteome assessment to coordinate PPI protein correspondence. Then, GO and KEGG assessments were performed with the teaming up characteristics. :Profoundly, inner layer and outer adornment layer of RPE were thickened after berberine treatment.


The eventual outcomes of water maze investigate showed that after berberine treatment, the learning and intellectual ability of BBR bundle rodents was by and large higher than that of DM pack on day 5. By screening proteome assessment data and making Venny cross aide, 10 characteristics could be gotten and heat guide could be made. Dennd1a and Utp6 were down-overseen in diabetes bundle. Atp7a, Ppl, Ogn, Nsmcel, Mme, Lmo4, Ca1 and Fn1 were upregulation, and the berberine treatment bundle was backwards to the diabetic social occasion. Nuclear docking results showed that berberine and berberine could approach stable sub-nuclear limiting models except for Fnl, Ogn and Utp6 target proteins. 343 characteristics were glanced through PubMed expressions, and 353 characteristics were joined for PPI protein correspondence, and 331 characteristics were gained for normal relationship, which were poor somewhere near GO and KEGG.

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder characterized by insulin resistance and elevated blood sugar levels. There are many portfolios of medicines for controlling blood sugar, but these medicines are not without side effects. More importantly, once diagnosed, diabetes rarely recovers. Damage to the kidneys, retina, cardiovascular system, neurons, and liver is the most common complication of diabetes, and there is a lack of effective treatments that can undo damage to organs. Overall, the molecular mechanism of how type 2 diabetes develops and causes irreparable organ damage remains unclear.

Diabetes insipidus is a disease characterized by the excretion of large amounts of hypotonic urine. Four entities can be distinguished: central diabetes insipidus due to deficiency of the pituitary or hypothalamic hormone arginine-vasopressin (AVP), nephrogenic diabetes insipidus due to renal AVP resistance, placental vasopressin, and finally. Primary diabetes insipidus. This is accompanied by an overdose of large amounts of water, despite normal AVP secretion and action. It can be difficult to distinguish between different types of diabetes insipidus. A detailed medical history, physical examination, and imaging tests are required to determine the etiology of diabetes insipidus. The distinction between different forms of hypotonic polyuria is then made by a classical water deprivation test, or by recently developed hypertonic saline or arginine stimulation and copeptin (or AVP) measurements.


The incidence of diabetes is increasing rapidly, and this condition often causes serious metabolic disorders and serious complications. Nurses play an important role in monitoring, educating and supporting diabetics and their families and caregivers. This article outlines the main types and most common symptoms of diabetes, their acute and long-term complications, and their treatment. It also outlines the role of caregivers in diabetes care. This often involves patient evaluation and empowerment.



Conflict Of Interest

We have no conflict of interests to disclose and the manuscript has been read and approved by all named authors.