The study aims to identify and catalogue the medicinal plants used in the treatment of infertility in Cameroon. Based on the prevalence of infertility, 138 people were interviewed in 3 localities of the Littoral region. The interviewees were of both sexes and aged between 50-60 years (43%). A total of 36 species in 32 genera and 21 families were identified. The most represented families are Asteraceae, Liliaceae, Acanthaceae, Malvaceae and Zingiberaceae. Aframomum letestuanum, Ageratum conyzoides, Tetrapleura tetraptera, Allium sativum, Crinum distichum, Cyathula prostrata, Bryophylum pinnatum and Gingiber officinale are the most cited species. Herbaceous are the most used (64%). This survey has led to recording 25 recipes, most of which are prepared using combinations of plants. Water (80%), white wine (8%) and palm oil (12%) are the most used solvents. Maceration and decoction are the most common methods of preparation. Syrups and powders are the forms of conservation of the recipes. These recipes are administered orally (76%); anally (17%) and by combined oral and anal routes (7%). Several plants listed in this study have not yet been the subject of laboratory studies related to their beneficial effects on female and male fertility and could constitute interesting subjects of research. Phytochemical screening in the laboratory is necessary to know the chemical compounds contained in these plants and their degree of toxicity.
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