The microbes in your gut break down a group of nutrients called prebiotics. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in how they affect human health as a whole. Short chain fatty acids are released into the blood circulation as a result of their degradation, affecting not only the gastrointestinal tract but also other distant organs. They can feed the microbiota in the intestinal tract. Both galacto oligosaccharides and fructo oligosaccharides belong to a significant class of prebiotics that have a positive impact on human health. Scientists are attempting to industrially produce prebiotics because foods naturally contain low amounts of galacto and fructo oligosaccharides. Prebiotics appear to be fascinating candidates for promoting human health as a replacement or in conjunction with probiotics due to their safety, health benefits, and advantages in production and storage over probiotics. Prebiotics are covered in detail in this review, including the important role they play in human health.
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