Nwegbu Maxwell Madueke, Egua Maxwell Osaronowen, Bello Omowunmi Enitan
The study involved the evaluation ofplasma levels of Chromium and Magnesium in diabetic and apparently healthy individuals.This cross secti onal study evaluated a total of eighty subjects comprising forty type 2 diabetic patients drawn fr omthe University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, and forty apparently healthy individuals from the workforce within the hospital. Anthropometric parameters were measured and blood samples collected from the subjects, who had consented to the study. The glucose indices of the diabetic subjects was esti mated by calculating the average fasting plasma glucose in the preceding six months and the subjects grouped into three categories( A (3-7 mmol/dl); B (7-10 mmol/dl); and C (10-14mmol/dl). This glucose i ndex was correlated to the plasma chromium and magnesium levels in the diabetic subjects. Stat istical analysis was by IBM SPSS version 21.0. The results showed the mean serum Magnesium(mg/dl) to be 1.48 ± 0.24 in diabetic subjects and 1.96 ± 0.10 in healthy subjects and the mean serumChromium(μg/dl ) to be 0.05 ± 0.01 and 0.018 in diabetic and healthy subjects respectively. A positive, though not statisticallysignificant, correlation was noted between the average blood sugar and the serum levels of Chromium and Magnesium in the diabetic subjects.
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