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Pattern of wounds in Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos| Abstract

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Pattern of wounds in Bingham University Teaching Hospital, Jos

Abstract

Modupe I Builders, Edwin Oseni-Momodu

Wound represents a major health burden in Africa an d most parts of the world. In this study, wound- related visits and hospitalization in a teaching ho spital in Northern Nigeria were documented; this involved a retrospective on-site medical record rev iew of wound-related hospital admissions from 1st April 2014 through 31st June 2014. Out of 139 patie nts that visited the hospital for wound-related cas es, 63.4% were males, month of June had the highest adm ission (43.9%), and the age group 21-30 years formed the largest proportion (38.9%). The leading cause of wound was incision (54.0%), followed by avulsion (33.1%), analgesics were the most prescrib ed drugs (34.2%), antibiotics ranked the second prescribed drugs (32.9%), pentazocine was the most analgesic commonly administered (33.0%) and 60.3% of the patients that visited the hospital fo r wound-related cases stayed up to 7 days. There we re significant association between the gender of the p atients and causes of wounds, drugs prescribed, types of analgesics prescribed as well as a signifi cant association between causes of wounds and length of stay at 0.01 level (2-tailed). This study provides considerable information on major causes of wounds and will be useful for planning program of e ducation and health care policy

DOI: 10.14303/jmms.2017.0117

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