The experiment “Effect of Quality seed of tef (Eragrostis tef Zucci [Trotter]) on Yield and yield related traits was conducted at Yilmana Densa and Simada and Debre Tabore Weredas. Six experimental materials which are (three of them certified (C1) seeds of tef varieties taken from Amhara Public Seed Enterprise and three of them are their correspondence farmers’ saved seeds) were tested. The varieties were namely: -Kuncho, Etsub and Kora. The experimental design for test was RCBD (Randomized Complete Block Design) with four replications. The plot size was 2.5m X 1.2m. Spacing between plots and blocks were 0.5m each respectively. Data collected include plant height, panicle length, biomass yield and grain yield. The experiment was done at four locations from three Weredas (two locations from Yilmana Densa and two locations from Simada and Debre Tabore wereda). The experiment was done in 2019 for one year. The data collection included plant height, panicle length, days to maturity, shoot biomass and grain yield. The data was analyzed using SAS statistical software. In the analysis of variance (ANOVA) of individual locations there was highly significant difference between varieties and quality levels at all locations. But interaction of variety with quality is highly significant at Adet on farmer only. But there is no significant difference between replications at all locations. In the analysis of variance (ANOVA) of combined locations table it is clearly observed that there was highly significant difference between varieties, environment, and environment by variety interaction, quality, quality levels, variety and quality interaction. Environment variety and quality interaction was significantly different. But interaction of replication environment was not significantly different. But there is no significant difference between replications at all locations. Using certified (C1) seed of Etsub, Kuncho and Kora has increased yield of 19.94%, 13.86%, 16.47% respectively. Using certified (C1) seeds of varieties has increased yield by 14.51%, 17.14%, 12.57% and 23.09% at Adet on station, Adet on farmer, Simada and Debre Tabore respectively. From the experiment we can conclude that tef quality seeds of Kuncho, Etsub and Kora are different in yield and yield related traits not only among themselves but also with their corresponding farmers’ saved varieties (C3) at both individual locations and combined over all locations. Using quality seed of tef increased yield of tef on average by 16.72%. Hence, it is highly recommended to use quality seeds of tef than farmers saved seeds.
Share this article