Nkemakolam Akajiaku Nwogu*, Ebenezer Dayo Olaji and Aimuanmwosa Frank Eghomwanre
Aquaculture is the fastest growing food-producing sector in the world. Worldwide, people obtain 25% of their animal protein from fish and shellfish. A significant issue affecting aquaculture production in Nigeria is loss of stock through disease. When faced with disease problem, immediate response has been to use antimicrobial drugs. However, as a result of the growing awareness of the adverse effects of antibiotics and the increasing demand for environmental friendly aquaculture, the use of probiotics in aquaculture is now widely accepted. This review provides summary of benefits of probiotics, selection criteria, safety and evaluation of probiotics using molecular techniques. Current status, challenges and prospects in Nigeria aquaculture industry were also discussed.
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